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Algal Oil Potential as a Bio Fuel and Food Supplement

Author Affiliations

  • 1M.G.C.G.V., Satna, MP, India
  • 2M.G.C.G.V., Satna, MP, India
  • 3M.G.C.G.V., Satna, MP, India

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 6, Issue (9), Pages 6-10, September,18 (2016)

Abstract

A total of four naturally existing alga samples were gathered from Satna ľKothi region satna (M.P.).Samples were washed with water and identified in botany lab MGCGV Satna as Spirogyra, Hydrodictyon, Oedogonium, and Pithophora. Oil was separated from the algal powdered samples. Physical parameters of algal oils for instance viscosity, density, algal oil content, pH were estimated. Total Carbohydrate concentration, Total Protein concentration, Fatty matter, Saponification no, Iodine value of algal sample were also determined. Physical parameters of algal oil fulfil all the properties mentioned in ASTM D6751, ISO 15607and EN14214- Europe. All four algal samples, Oedogonium contains maximum percentage of algal oil while Pithophora revealed minimum oil percentage. This analysis suggested that alga Oedogonium is suitable for algal biodiesel production. Total carbohydrate content of all four alga was determined by Anthrone\\\'s method and the result shows that green alga Oedogonium has maximum amount of carbohydrate while alga spirogyra has minimum amount of carbohydrate. Total protein contents of all four alga was determined by Folins Lowry method and the result shows that green alga Oedogonium has maximum amount of protein while Hydrodictyon revealed minimum amount of protein. All four algae, Oedogonium shows lowest value of Saponification number while Hydrodictyon shows maximum saponification number. Oedogonium has maximum iodine value while Hydrodictyon has minimum iodine value. All four algal species Oedogonium shows maximum flash point reading while Hydrodictyon species shows minimum flash point of algal oil. Estimation of fatty matter shows that Oedogonium has maximum percentage of free fatty matter while Hydrodictyon has minimum percentage of free fatty matter.

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