International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Variation in Physico-chemical Characteristics of Water Quality of Bhindawas Wetland, Jhajjar, Haryana, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Department of Environmental Sciences, Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak-124001, Haryana, INDIA

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 5, Issue (7), Pages 29-34, July,18 (2015)


Present study was carried out to find spatial and temporal variation in the water quality of Bhindawas wetland and its recipient drain No. 8 at two month intervals over one year period from July 2010 to may 2011. Total nine sampling sites were selected from the study area. Seven sites selected from various parts of wetland, including wetland inlet and outlet. In addition, two sites were selected from drain no.8, which is adjacent to a wetland and a recipient of wetland outlet water. Range of pH, temperature, electrical conductivity, total dissolved solids, total suspended solids and turbidity varied from 6.45-8.26, 14-35.4C, 216-1963 mho/cm, 142-1282 mg/l, 7.8-94mg/l and 4-62 NTU, respectively. Cationic concentration, viz. sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium varied from 16-102, 2-63, 14-131 and 4-60 mg/l, respectively. Whereas, anionic concentration, viz. bicarbonate, chloride and sulphate varied from 48-666, 9-199 and 25-187 mg/l, respectively. Variation in dissolved oxygen was from 2.8 to 8.6 mg/l. Variation in total phosphorus, ammonia, nitrate, total alkalinity and total hardness were in the range of from below detection limit (BDL)-0.99, BDL-0.69, BDL-2.04, 40-576 and 54-576 mg/l, respectively. Heavy metals like copper, nickel, lead and total chromium were found below detection limit (BDL).


  1. Abir S., Seasonal variations in physico-chemical characteristics of Rudrasagar wetland: A Ramsar site, Tripura, North East, India, Res. J. Chem. Sci., 4(1), 31-40 (2014)
  2. Deshmukh K.K., Assessment of groundwater quality and its impact on human health from Sangamner Area, Ahmednagar District, Maharashtra, India, Internt JRes. Chem. Env., 4(3), 40-48 (2014)
  3. Eliska R.M. and Kimberly E., Wetland ecosystem changes after three years of phosphorus addition, Wetlands, 28, 914927 (2008)
  4. Beman J.M., Arrigo K.R and Matson P.A, Agricultural runoff fuels large phytoplankton blooms in vulnerable areas of the ocean, Nat., 434, 211214 ( 2005)
  5. Binhe G. and Thomas D., Effects of Plant Community and Phosphorus loading rate on constructed wetland performance in Florida, USA, Wetlands, 28, 8191 (2008)
  6. Covney M.F., Stites D.L., Lowe E.F., Battow L.E. and Conrow R., Nutrient removal from eutrophic lake water by wetland filtration, Ecol. Engg., 19, 141-159 (2002)
  7. Palmer M.R., Nepf H.M. and Pettersson T.J.R., Observation of particle capture of a cylindrical collector: implications for particle accumulation and removal in aquatic system, Limnol. Oceanog., 49, 76-85 (2004)
  8. Anon, Directory of wetlands in India. Ministry of Environment and Forests, Govt. of India, 52(1992)
  9. Garg J.K., Singh T.S. and Murthy T.V.R., Wetlands of India. In: Project Report: RSAM/SAC/RESA/PR/01/98, 1998. Space Applications Centre (ISRO), Ahmedabad, 239 (1998)
  10. Panigrahy S., Singh T.S., Patel J.G., Hooda R.S., Mothikumar K.E. and Rani R., National Wetland Atlas: Haryana. SAC/RESA/AFEG/NWIA/ ATLAS /15/2010, Space Applications Centre (ISRO), Ahmedabad, India, 19, (2010)
  11. Piplode S. and Singh V.B., Physico-chemical Evaluation of Narmada River Water at Khalghat MP, India, Res. J. of Chem. Sci.,5(5), 24-26 (2015)
  12. Chincihilla L.M., Gonzale E. and Comin F.A., Assessing metals pollution in ponds constructed for controlling runoff from reclaimed coal mines, Environ. Monit. Assess.,186, 5247-5259 (2014)
  13. Chinna, R.P. and Gundala P. H., Analysis of Water Quality Parameters of Lakshmipuram tank, Anantapuramu (d), Andhra Pradesh, India, J. of Chem. Sci.,5(4), 26-32 (2015)
  14. Singh, V.B., Piplode S., Thakur V. and Agrawal R., Comparative Physico-Chemical Analysis of Narmada River Water at Barwani and Khalghat, MP, India, Res. J. of Chem. Sci.,5(3), 6-8 (2015)
  15. Bodane A.K., Physico-Chemical Analysis of Some Dam Water Samples of Lakhundar Dam of Palsawad Son, District-Shajapur, MP, Res. J. of Chem. Sci.,5(4), 45-48 (2015)
  16. APHA: Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 21st Edn. APHA, AWWA, WPCF, Washington DC, USA, (2005)
  17. Karuppasamy P.K. and Perumal P., Biodiversity of zooplankton at Pichavaram mangroves, South India, Adv. Biosci.,19, 23-32 (2000)
  18. Das J., Das S.N. and Sahoo R.K., Semidiurnal variation of some physicochemical parameters in the Mahanadi estuary, east coast of India, Ind. J. Mar. Sci.,26, 323-326 (1997)
  19. Senthilkumar S., Santhanam P. and Perumal P., Diversity of phytoplankton in Vellar estuary, southeast coast of India, The 5th Indian fisheries forum proceedings (Eds.: Ayyappan S., Jena J.K. and Joseph M.M), Published by AFSIB, Mangalore and , Bhubanewar, India, 245-248 (2002)
  20. Vijayakumar V., Vasudevan S. and Pruthiviraj T., An assessment of surface water chemistry of Perumal Lake, Cuddalore District, Tamilnadu, India, Inter. J. Geomat. GeoSci.,, 599-609 (2010)
  21. Horne A.J. and Goldman C.R., Limnology, McGraw-Hill, Inc., New York, NY (1994)
  22. Cole G., Textbook of Limnology, Waveland Press, Inc., Prospect Heights, IL., 412 (1994)
  23. US DHEM: Drinking wter standards-1962, Washington, DC, US Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Public Health Services, US Goverment Printing Office, Publication No., 956 (1962)
  24. Chakraborty A., Padmavati G. and Ghosh A.K., Tidal variation of phytoplankton in the coastal waters of South Andaman, India, J. Environ. Biol.,36, 207-214 (2015)
  25. Kim J.B., Hong S., Lee W., Lee Y., Kim H.C. and Cho Y., Evaluation of phytoplankton community composition in the eutrophic Masan Bay by HPLC pigment analysis, J. Env. Biol.,36, 491-498 (2015)
  26. Smith V.H., Tilman G.D. and Nekola J.C., Eutrophication: impacts of excess nutrient inputs on freshwater, marine, and terrestrial ecosystems, Environ. Pollut., 100179196 (1999)
  27. Wetzel R.G., Limnology of Lake and River Ecosystems. Third Edition. Academic Press,San Diego, CA, 1006 (2001)
  28. Keshin T.E., Nitrate and heavy metal pollution resulting from agricultural activity: A case study from Eskipazar (Karabuk,Turkey), Environ. Earth Sci.,61, 703-721 (2010)
  29. Puttaiah E.T. and Kiran B.R., Heavy metal transport in a sewage fed lake of Karnatala, India, 12th world lake conference, 347-354 (2008)
  30. Ahmad Z., Khalid A., Al-Ghanim H.F.A. Al-Balawi F. Al-Misned S. Maboob and Suliman E.M., Accumulation of heavy metals in the fish, Oreochromis niloticus and Poecilia latipinna and their concentration in water and sediment of dam lake of Wadi Namar, Saudi Arabia, J. Env. Biol.,36, 295-299 (2015)