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Impact of Mining on Land Degradation and Tribal Health of Hazaribagh and Ramgarh Districts, Jharkhand, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Chemistry, B. N. College, Patna, Bihar, INDIA
  • 2Department of Botany, B. N. College, Patna, Bihar, INDIA

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 5, Issue (4), Pages 37-40, April,18 (2015)

Abstract

The present investigation is confined to Hazaribagh and Ramgarh districts of Jharkhand state of India. The study is an attempt to examine the extent of environmental degradation that has taken place in the form of water contamination and degradation of forest due to rampant mining in the different areas of Hazaribagh and Ramgarh districts i.e. Sonda (w1), Damodar River (w2), Siyal (w3), Udimari (W4), Jarjara (w5), Patel Nagar (w6), Bhurkunda (w7) and Birsa chowk (w8). The water bodies of these areas are the greatest victims of coal mining and are badly affected by contamination of Acid Mines Drainage (AMD) originating from mines and spoils, causing various types of diseases among the tribal. Low pH, high electrical conductivity, high concentration of sulphate , iron, and toxic heavy metals, low Dissolved Oxygen (DO), and high Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) are some of the physico-chemical and biological parameters which characterize the degradation of water quality. The altered content of water needs proper treatment before the use for drinking and irrigation purposes. Finally it can be suggested that an intensive study may be carried out before the domestic consumption.

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