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Pigment Printing of Cotton Fabrics using Microwave Irradiation

Author Affiliations

  • 1National Research Centre, Textile Research Division, El-Behouth Str., Dokki, Cairo, EGYPT

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 5, Issue (4), Pages 20-25, April,18 (2015)

Abstract

Microwave irradiation was successfully used in fixation of pigment prints on cotton fabrics with a K/S values comparable with those obtained in case of conventional thermo-fixation technique. The printing pastes were applied to the fabric via screen printing technique. Afterwards, the printed fabrics were subjected to microwave irradiation for different periods of time at different microwave power. For the sake of comparison another samples of cotton fabrics were printed with the same paste, dried and subjected to fixation according to the conventional technique. The K/S values of the printed cotton fabrics fixed via microwave irradiation was found to be time and microwave power dependent. Results of this investigation clarified also that, regardless of the time of microwave exposure, covering the pigment printed cotton fabric samples with either permeable cellulosic paper sheet or impermeable plastic sheets led to a significant increase in K/S. In all cases the K/S follows the order uncovered sample < paper sheet covered sample < plastic sheet covered sample. Furthermore, the influence of minimization of the particle size of pigment green colour to the nano-scale on the K/S and overall fastness properties of cotton fabrics printed and fixed using microwave irradiation was also investigated.

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