5th International Young Scientist Congress (IYSC-2019).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

A Study on Removal of Cadmium(II) from Aqueous solutions by Adsorption on Red Mud

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Department of Chemistry, K. Govt. Arts and Sc. College Raigarh, CG, INDIA
  • 2 Department of Chemistry, Kirodimal Institute of Technology, Raigarh, CG, INDIA
  • 3 Department of Chemistry, Dr. C.V. Raman University, Bilaspur, CG, INDIA

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 4, Issue (4), Pages 44-53, April,18 (2014)

Abstract

The present study aims to evaluate the removal characteristics of red mud as adsorbent to remove Cd(II) ion from aqueous solutions by batch experiments under various experimental conditions. Freundlich and Langmuir adsorption isotherm models have been used to discuss the data obtained. Lagergren first-order equation, pseudo-second-order equation and intra-particle diffusion models have been used to discuss the kinetics. To have an idea about spontaneity and feasibility of the adsorption process, thermodynamic parameters such as change in free energy G, change in enthalpy H and change in entropy S have been evaluated and discussed.

References

  1. Bhatnagar A. and Minocha A.K., Conventional and nonconventional adsorbents for removal of pollutants from water A review, Indian J.Chem.Tech., 13, 203-217 (2006)
  2. Karthika C. and Sekar M., Removal of Hg(II) ions from aqueous solution by acid acrylic resins : A study through adsorption isotherms analysis, I. Res. J. Environment Sci., 1(1), 34-41 (2012)
  3. Singh Dhanesh and Singh A.,Chitosan for the removal of chromium from waste water., I. Res. J. Environment Sci.,1(3), 55-57 (2012)
  4. Samuel P., Ingmar P., Boubia C. and Daniel L., Trivalent chromium removal from aqueous solutions using raw natural mixed clay from BURKINA FASO., I.Res.J.Environment Sci., 2(2), 30-37 (2013)
  5. Kini S.M., Saidutta M.B., Murty V.R.C. and Kadoli S.V., Adsorption of basic dye from aqueous solution using ACl treated saw dust (Lagerstroemia microcorpa): Kinetic , Modeling of Equilibrium,Thermodynamic., I. Res. J. Environment.Sci., 2(8), 6-16 (2013)
  6. Haq B.I.U., Elias N.B. and Khanam Z., Adsorption studies of Cr(VI) and Fe(II) aqua solution using rubber tree leaves, I.Res.J.Environment.Sci., 2(12), 52-56 (2013)
  7. Nadaroglu H. and Kalkan E., Removal of cobalt(II) ions from aqueous solutions by using alternative adsorbent and us trial red mud waste material.l, Int.J.Phy.Sciences., 1386-1394 (2012)
  8. Han S.W., Kim D.K., Hwang I.G. and Bae J.H., Development of Pellet-type Adsorbents for Removal of Heavy Metal Ions from Aqueous Solutions using Red Mud, J.Ind.Eng.Chem., 8(2), 120-125 (2002)
  9. Kim J.S., Han S.W., Hwang I.G.,Bae J.H. and Tokunaga S., Astudy on removal of Pb++ ion using pellet-type red mud adsorbents, Env.Eng.Res. 7(1), 33-37 (2002)
  10. Mobasherpour I., Salahi E. and Asjodi A., Research on the batch and fixed bed column performance of red mud adsorbents for lead removal, Canadian Chemical Transactions, 2(1), 83-96 (2014)
  11. Das B., Mondal N.K., Roy P. and Chatterji S., Equilibrium, Kinetic and Thermodynamic Study on chromium(VI) removal from aqueous solutions using Pistia Stratiotes Biomass, Chem Sci Trans., 2(1), 85-104 (2013)
  12. John C., Interpretation of Infrared Spectra, A Practical Approach, Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry, R.A. Heyers (Ed.), John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Chichester, 10815 10837 (2000)
  13. Ekrem Kalkan, et.al., .Bacteria Modified Red Mud for Adsorption of Cadmium Ions from Aqueous Solutions, Pol.J.Environ. Stud., 22(2), 417 429 (2013)
  14. Tsai W.T. and Chen H.R., Removal of malachite green from aqueous solution using low-cost chlorella-based biomass, J Hazard Mater., 175(1-3), 844-849 (2010)
  15. Sarin V. and Pant K.K., Removal of chromium from industrial waste by using eucalyptus bark, Bioresource Technol., 97(1), 15-20 (2006)
  16. Wongjunda J. and Saueprasearsit P.,Biosorption of Chromium(VI) using rice husk ash and modified husk ash Environ Res. J., 4(3), 244-250 (2010)
  17. Brummer G.W., Importance of Chemical Speciation in Environmental Process (Springer Verlag, Berlin) (1986)
  18. Bello O.S., Olusegun O.A. and Nioku V.O., Fly ash-An alternative to powdered activated carbon for the removal of Eosin dye from aqueous solutions, Bull.Chem.Soc. Ethiop.,27(2), 191-204 (2013)
  19. Anirudhan T.S. and Radhakrishnan P.G., Thermodynamics and kinetics of adsorption of Cu(II) from aqueous solutions onto a new cation exchanger derived from tamarind fruit shell, J.Chem.Thermodynamics., 40(4), 702-709 (2008)
  20. Lagergren S., About the theory of so-called adsorption of soluble substsnces, der Sogenanntenadsorption geloster stoffe Kungliga Svenska psalka de Miens Handlingar., 24, 1-39(1898)
  21. Ho Y.S. and Mckay G., The kinetics of sorption of divalent metal ions onto sphagnum moss peat., Water Res. 34(3), 735-742 (2000)
  22. Weber W.J. and Morris J.C., Kinetics of adsorption on carbon from solution, J. Saint. Eng. Div. Am. Soc. Eng., 89, 31-60 (1963)
  23. Kumar P.S., Ramakrishnan K., Kirupha S.D and Sivanesan S. Thermodynamic and Kinetic studies of cadmium adsorption from aqueous solution onto rice husk, Braz.J.Chem.Eng., 27, 347 (2010)
  24. Arivoli S., Hema M., Karuppaiah M. and Saravanan S., Adsorption of chromium ion by acid activated low cost carbon-Kinetic,Mechanistic,Thermodynamic and Equilibrium studies, E-Journal of Chemistry., 5(4), 820-831(2008)
  25. Senthilkumar P., Ramalingam S., Sathyaselvabala V., Kirupha D.S. and Sivanesan S., Desalination, 266(1-3), 63-71 (2011)
  26. Nevine K.A., Removal of direct blue-106 dye from aqueous solution using new activated carbons developed from pomegranate peel: Adsorption equilibrium and kinetics, J. Haz. Mat.., 165(1-3), 52-62 (2009)
  27. Singh Dhanesh.and Rawat N.S., Bituminous coal for the Removal of Cd rich water, Ind. J. Chem. Technol., 266-270 (1994)
  28. Singh Dhanesh. and Rawat N.S., Sorption of Pb(II) by bituminous coal, Ind. J. Chem. Technol., 49-50 (1995)