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Biosorption and Kinetic Study on Methylene Blue Dye Removal from Aqueous Solution using Activated Carbon Derived from Palm Flower (Borassus Aethiopum)

Author Affiliations

  • 1PG and Research of Department of Chemistry, C. Abdul Hakeem College (Autonomous), Melvisharam-632509,INDIA

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 4, Issue (12), Pages 61-69, December,18 (2014)


The methylene blue dye removal from aqueous solution by using activated carbon derived from a biodegradable agricultural waste material like palm flower (Borassus aethiopum) as bio- adsorbent was investigated in this work The scanning electron microscopic analysis helps to identify the novel bio-adsorbent’s surface. Batch experiments were carried out with different parameters like initial concentration, contact time, pH, adsorbent dosage and temperatures. The pseudo first order, pseudo second order, Elovich and intraparticle diffusion models were arrived with kinetic studies. The data obtained from equilibrium experiments were tested by Langmuir, Freundlich and Temkin adsorption isotherms. The maximum methylene blue dye removal is 92.50% at 0.1g/100ml adsorbent dose with 4mg/L dye concentration for 120min contact time at 7pH. The calculated adsorption capacity of the palm flower carbon was 10.42mg/g at 30oC temperature. The equilibrium and kinetic data were well suited to the Langmuir, Freundlich isotherm, pseudo-second order and Elovich kinetic model. These studies confirmed that the activated carbon palm flower (Borassus aethiopum) is a potential low- cost adsorbent for methylene blue dye removal from industrial waste water.


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