International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Evaluation of Physico-Chemical and Microbial Properties of Ground Water Recharged through water Harvesting System in Gwalior, MP, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Life Science and Technology, Boston College for Professional Studies, Gwalior, MP, INDIA
  • 2Department of Soil Science, College of Agriculture, RVSKVV, Gwalior, MP, INDIA
  • 3Department of Chemistry, Govt. KRG College Gwalior, MP, INDIA

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 4, Issue (11), Pages 72-75, November,18 (2014)


In present time water shortage throughout the world is a major problem. Rainwater harvesting is one of the solution to the problems of water shortage in arid and semi-arid regions in India. When this water is used for drinking purpose, it is necessary to assess its quality. The purpose of this study was to assess the physico-chemical properties and microbial activity of underground water recharged by water harvesting system in Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh. Underground water samples were collected from different places of Gwalior city and Dabra town in the month of September which was recharged by water harvesting system. The physico-chemical properties such as color, iron pH, total dissolved solid, salinity, electrical conductivity, acidity, alkalinity, chloride, total hardness, calcium and magnesium hardness and microbial activities were studied and analyzed. The results obtained were compared with permissible limits of the drinking water set by Bureau of Indian Standards. It was observed that water samples except sample no. 3 and 4 were within the permissible limit. This shows that water from these sources is safe for drinking purpose.


  1. Deshpande S.M. and Aher K.R., Evaluation of Groundwater Quality and its Suitability for Drinking and Agriculture use in Parts of Vaijapur, District Aurangabad, MS, India, Res.J.chem.sci.,2(1), 25-31(2012)
  2. Matini L., Tathy C. and Moutou J.M., Seasonal Groundwater Quality Variation in Brazzaville, Congo, Res.J.Chem.Sci., 2(1), 7-14 (2012)
  3. Jain Chandana, Mendiratta Ritu, Raja Antony Nitin, Hada Rohit Singh, Studies on Changes in Ground Water Quality Status in Pre-Monsoon and Post-Monsoon Season in Shivpuri District of Madhya Pradesh, India, International journal of Scientific Research, 2(7), 78 (2013)
  4. ISO 1990a Water Quality C Detection and Enumeration of Coli form Organisms, Thermo tolerant Coli form Organisms and Presumptive Escherichia coli. Part 1: Membrane Filtration Method, International Standard ISO 9308-1, International Organization for Standardization, Geneva sanitation_health/ resourcesquality/wqmchap10.pdf (2014)
  5. Standard methods for examination of waters and wastewaters, 16th Ed., APHA, AWWA and WPCF Inc. Newyork, 1205 (1985)
  6. Status of Water Supply, Sanitation and Solid Waste Management in Urban Areas, Ministry of Urban Development Government of India, Centre for public health environmental engineering and Organization Research study, 88, (2005)
  7. Water Quality and General Guide to the Enumeration of Microorganisms by Culture, International StandardISO 1988 iso_catalogue/catalogue_ics/ catalogue_detail_ics.htm?csnumber=15291 (2014)
  8. Water Quality and Enumeration of Viable Microorganisms. Colony Count by Inoculation in or on a Solid Medium. International Standard ISO1988, International Organization for Standardization, Geneva (1988)
  9. Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality, Drinking-water Control in SmallCommunity Supplies, World Health Organization, Geneva Volume 3, (2014)
  10. Water Quality and Detection and Enumeration of Coliform Organisms, Thermotolerant Coliform Organisms and Presumptive Escherichia coli, Part 2: Multiple Tube (Most Probable Number) Method, International Standard ISO 9308-2, (2014)
  11. Jain Chandana, Jain Reena, Raja Antony Nitin, Shailendra, Kothari Nitin, Evaluation of Quality of Water Consumed by the Villagerís of nearby Karera and Narwar Block of Shivpuri District of Madhya Pradesh, India, Indian J. of Applied Research, 4(3),186 (2014)
  12. BIS - Bureau of Indian Standards Act, (1986)
  13. Jain Chandana and Mendiratta Ritu,Evaluation and Assessment of Ground Water of Shivpuri Town in Madhya Pradesh, Trends in Biosciences, 6(1), 5-6 (2013)
  14. Tamrakar Chirika Shova, Evaluation of Physico-chemical Characteristics of Drinking Water Supply in Kathmandu, Nepal, Res.J.Chem.Sci., 4(4), 33-36 (2014)
  15. Kihampa C. and Wenaty A., Impact of Mining and Farming activities on Water and Sediment Quality of the Mara river basin, Tanzania, Res. J. Chem. Sci., 3(7), 15-24 (2013)
  16. Prasad R.V., Tripathi D.R. and Kumar Vinod, A Concise Report on the Status of Groundwater of Babhnan Town, Basti, UP, India, Res. J. Chem. Sci., 3(9), 80-82 (2013)