International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Role of Biochemical factors and Mineral Supplementation in Livestock ration for Maintenance of their Fertility and Healthy Reproductive Status: A Review

Author Affiliations

  • 1AICRP on Post Harvest Technology (ICAR), Department of Fish Processing Technology, Faculty of Fishery Sciences, West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences, 5, Budherhat Road, P.O. Panchasayar, Chakgaria, Kolkata - 700 094, WB, INDIA

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 3, Issue (6), Pages 102-106, June,18 (2013)

Abstract

The biochemical components and factors like protein and enzyme components of follicular fluid like lipase, amylase and creatinine phosphokinase concentration show an increasing trend as the follicles mature, while some other components like Alpha-fetoprotein, Acid Phosphatase and Alkaline Phosphatase concentration decreases with increase in follicular size. Moreover, presence of amylase, lipase and CPK and their respective concentrations in the in the follicular fluid can also been detected. The micro-minerals play an important role in increasing pregnancy rates in apparently barren and reproductively abnormal mares. Provision of micro-mineral supplemented ration containing copper, zinc, iron and manganese during the vernal period of breeding cycle proves to be useful. The pregnancy rate increase significantly in micro-mineral supplemented livestock. Some mineral components of follicular fluid like Ca, P, Cu and Fe significantly increases as the follicles increase in size, while only Li, concentration significantly decreases with increase in follicular size. Therefore, it may enhance more success in reproduction, which may improve the certain macro- and micro-mineral level in follicular fluid of oocytes.

References

  1. Gerard N., Loiseau S., Duchamp G. and Seguin F., Analysis of the variations of follicular fluid composition during follicular growth andmaturation in the mare using proton nuclear magnetic resonance, Reproduction, 124,241-48 (2002)
  2. Bordoloi P.K., Sarmah B.C., Dutta D.J. and Deka B.C., Acid and alkaline phosphatase activity in follicular fluid of goat ovary, Indian Journal of Animal Research, 33, 144-46. (1999)
  3. Sangha G.K., Bathla H. and Guraya S.S., Effect of goat follicular fluid on in vitro maturation of goat oocytes. In: 15th Annual Convention and National Symposium on Bio techniques in optimizing fertility in farm Animals, 10-12 Feb. Department of Animal Reproduction Gynaecology and Obstetrics, College of Veterinary Sciences, PAU, Ludhiana, 14 (1999)
  4. Bordoloi P.K., Sarmah BC., Dutta D.J. and Deka B.C., Total protein, albumin and electrophoretic pattern of follicular fluid of goat (Capra hircus), Indian Journal of Animal Reproduction, 24 (2), 168-70 (2003)
  5. MorrisL.H.A. and Allen W.R.,An overview of low dose insemination in the mare, Reproduction in Domestic Animals, 37, 20610 (2002)
  6. Hidiroglou M., Manganese in ruminant nutrition: A review. Can. J. Anim. Sci., 59, 217-36 (1979)
  7. Islam N., Ray S.K., Batabyal S., Mukhopadhayay S.K. and Ganguly S., Effect of certain micro minerals on fertility in mare, Indian J. Anim. Nutr., 29 (3), 307-09 (2012)
  8. Chakraborty D., Ray S.K., Datta U., Mukhopadhayay S.K. and Ganguly, S., Selected Proteins and Enzymatic Analysis of Follicular Fluid of Indigenous Pig at Different Developmental Stages of Ovarian Follicle: a Quantitative Study, Int. J. Bio-res. & Stress Mgt., 3 (1), 88-92 (2012)
  9. Schuetz A.W. and Anisowicz A., Cation and protein composition of ovarian follicular fluid of the pig: relation to follicle size. Biol. Reprod., 11, 64-72 (1974)
  10. Sidhu K.I., Ahmed T. and Guraya S.S., 1985. Electrophoretic characterization of follicular fluid proteins from the goat ovary, Indian J. Reprod., 6, 4148 (1985)
  11. Res. J. Chem. Sci. International Science Congress Association 10511.Rupley J.A., Gratton E. and Carei G., Water and Globular Proteins, Trends Biochem. Science, 8, 18 (1983)
  12. Yedgar S., Carew T.C., Pittman R.C., Beltz W.F. and Steinberg D., Tissue sites of catabolism of albumin in rabbits, American Journal of Physiology, 244, E101-07 (1983)
  13. Arshad H.M., Ahmad N., Rahman Z., Samad H.A., Akhtar N. and Ali S., 2005. Studies on biochemical constituents of ovarian follicular fluid and peripheral blood in buffalos, Pakistan Veterinary Journal, 25 (4), 189-93 (2005)
  14. Jimena P., Castilla J.A., Ramirez J.P., Gil T., Acebal M., Molina R. and Herruzo A.J., Follicular fluid alpha-fetoprotein, carcinoembryonic antigen, and CA-125 levels in relation to in vitro fertilization and gonadotropin and steroid hormone concentrations, Fertil Steril., 59 (6), 1257-60 (1993)
  15. Germain B., Campbell P.S. and Anderson J.N., Role of the serum estrogen binding protein in the control of tissue estradiol levels during postnatal development of the female rat, Endocrinology, 130, 140110 (1978)
  16. Aussel C. and Masseyeff R., Alpha-fetoprotein and estrogen metabolism: influence of alpha-fetoprotein on the metabolism of steroids by rat liver microsomes in vitro, Biochemistry,58, 737-41 (1976)
  17. Greenstein B.D., Effects of rat alpha-fetoprotein administration on estradiol free fraction, the onset of puberty, and neural and uterine nuclear estrogen receptors, Endocrinology,130, 318490 (1992)
  18. Stora C., Aussel C., Lafaurie M., Castelli D. and Seralini G.E., Role of AFP in ovarian regulation. In: Mizejewski G.J. and Jacobson H.I., Eds. Biological Activities of Alpha-fetoprotein, Boca Raton, CRC Press, 1, 11220 (1987)
  19. Gonzalez D.M., Garcia L.A., Nava Y., Lara E., Rosendo B.J. and Gomez A.E., Changes in follicular acid phosphatase levels in relation to oocyte maturity in humans, Ginecol. Obstet. Mex., 57, 37-40 (1989)
  20. Mishra O.P., Pandey J.N. and Gawande P.G., Study on biochemical constituents of caprine ovarian follicular fluid after superovulation, Asian Aust. J. Anim. Sci., 16, 171115 (2003)
  21. Kalmath G.P. and Ravindra J.P., Mineral profiles of ovarian antral follicular fluid in buffaloes during follicular development, Agricultural Research Communication Centre, 41, 2 (2007)
  22. Flint A.P.F. and Dento R.M., The role of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate dependent malate dehydrogenase and isocitrate dehydrogenase in the supply of reduced nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide phosphate for steroidogenesis in the superovulated rat ovary, Biochem. J.,117, 73-83 (1970)
  23. Tan C.H. and Robinson J., Effect of 2-bromopalmitate on LH-stimulated ovarian steroidogenesis, IReS Med. Sci., 9,647-48 (1981)
  24. Camps L., Gafvels M., Reina M., Wallin C., Vilaro S. and Olivecrona T., Biology of Reproduction,42(9), 17-927 (1990)
  25. Kasperczyk S., Brzoza Z., Kasperczyk A., Beck B., Duiban H. and Mertas A., The changes of alpha-amylase activity in serum and different tissues of female rat during sex cycle isoelectrofocusing studies of alpha-amylase, Med. Sci. Monit., 7(1), 49-53 (2001)
  26. Malnick S.D.H., Shaer A., Soreq H. Kaye A.M. and Litwack G., Estrogen-induced creatine kinase in the reproductive system of the immature female rat, Endocrinology,113(5), 1907-09 (1983)
  27. Chang S.C.S., Jones J.D., Ellefson R.D. and Ryan R.J., The porcine ovarian follicle: I. selected chemical analysis of follicular fluid at different developmental stages,Biological Reproduction, 15, 321-28 (1976)
  28. Joy G. and Nair K.P., Phosphorus and trace elements status of anestrous and repeat breeder crossbred cows, J. Vet. Anim. Sci., 46(2), 91-94 (1995)
  29. Prasad K.S.N. and Rao S.V.N., Blood mineral profile of anestrous and repeat breeders crossbred cows-a field study, Indian J. Anim. Nutr., 14 (2), 135-37 (1997)
  30. Kalita D.J., Sarah B.C. and Bhattacharya B.N., Mineral profile and fertility of cows, Indian Vet. J., 76, 971-72 (1999)
  31. Eltohamy M.M., M. Younis H.A. Salem, Affaf Azouz H. Shawky and Farahat A.A., Role of some macro and micro elements in inducing repeat breeding in buffaloes, Indian J. Ani. Sci., 59(11), 1406-09 (1989)
  32. Singh M. and Pant H.C., Blood biochemical profile of normal ad repeat breeder cows in Himachal Pradesh, Indian J. Anim. Reprod., 19(20), 156-57 (1998)
  33. Boland M.P, Trace minerals in production and reproduction in dairy cows, Adv. Dairy Technology, 15, 319-20 (2003)
  34. Marketa S and Rozinek Petr J., Labeling of bound calcium in pig egg ultra structure. 2nd Annual Meeting of CSMS, Vranovska Ves Tema Microscopy, 59, 14-15 (2002)
  35. Abd Ellah M.R., Hussein H.A.and Derar D.R., Ovarian Follicular Fluid Constituents in Relation to Stage of Estrus Cycle and Size of the Follicle in Buffalo, Veterinary World,3 (6), 263-67 (2010)
  36. Kalmath G.P., Biochemical analysis of ovarian antral follicular fluid in buffaloes MVSc thesis submitted to University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore, Indian J. Reprod. Fert., 82, 813-25 (2000)
  37. Belle R., Mulner-lorillon O., Marot J. and Ozon R., A possible role of Mg2+ ions in the induction of meiotic maturation of xenopus oocyte, Cell Differentiation, 19,253-61 (1986)
  38. Sangha G.K., Sharma R.K. and Guraya S.S., Distribution of trace elements in blood and ovary during estrous cycle and pregnancy in house rat, Indian Journal of Animal Science, 63(2), 142-45 (1993)
  39. Guraya S.S., Parminder K. and Sharma R.K., Histochemical and biochemical studies on esterase activity in the rat ovary, European Journal of Morphology, 29(3), 161-72 (1991)
  40. Bagger P.V., Byskov A.G., Christiansen M.D., Bang L. and Mortensen L., Lithium stimulates the first meiotic division in mouse oocytess, Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 72, 514-19 (1993)
  41. Chakraborty D., Ray S.K., Datta U., Mukhopadhayay S.K. and Ganguly S., Quantitative estimation of some macro- and micro-minerals in indigenous breed of porcine follicular fluid with special reference to follicular dynamics, Indian J. Anim. Sci., 82 (8), 868-70 (2012)