International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Study of Photogalvanic Effect in Photogalvanic Cell containing Mixed Surfactant (NaLS CTAB), Methylene blue as a Photosensitizer and Xylose as Reductant

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Photochemistry Laboratroy, Department of Chemistry, Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur, Rajasthan-342001, INDIA

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 3, Issue (3), Pages 20-25, March,18 (2013)


Photogalvanic effect was studied in a photogalvanic cell containing methylene blue-xylose-NaLS+CTAB system. The photopotential and photocurrent were observed 655.0 mV and 190.0 A respectively. The conversion efficiency of the system was observed 0.4326% and fill factor was determined as 0.2870. The cell performance was observed 90.0 minutes in dark. The effects of different parameters on the electrical output of the cell were observed and current-voltage (i-V) characteristics of the cell were also studied.


  1. Rideal E.K. and Williams D.C., The action of light on the ferrous iodine iodide equilibrium, J. Che. Soc., 127, 258-269 1925)
  2. Rabinowitch E., The photogalvanic effect I: the photochemical properties of the thionine-iron system, J. Chem. Phys.,8(7), 551-559 (1940)
  3. Rabinowitch E., The photogalvanic effect II: the photogalvanic properties of the thionine-iron system, J. Chem. Phys., 8(7), 560-566 (1940)
  4. Potter A.C. and Thaller L.H., Efficiency of some iron-thionine photogalvanic cell, Solar Energy, 3 (4), 1-7 (1959)
  5. Peter D., David R., Hobart, Norman, Litchin N., Dale E., Hall A., John and Eckert, Sensitization of an iron-thazina photogalvanic cell to the blue: An improved match to the insolation spectrum, Solar Energy, 19(5), 567-570 (1977)
  6. Hall D.E., Wildes P.D. and Lichtin N.N., Electrodic phenomena at the anode of the totally illuminated, thin layer iron–thionine photogalvanic cell, J. Electrochem. Soc., 125(.9), 1365-1371 (1978)
  7. Nasielski J., A. Kirsch-De Mesmaeker and Leempoel P., The photoelectrochmistry of the RhodamineB-hydroquinone system at optically transparent bubbling gas electrodes, Electrochim. Acta,23(7), 605-611 (1978)
  8. Shigehara K., Nishimura M. and Tsuchida E., Photogalvanic effect of thin layer photo cell composed of thionine/Fe (II) systems, Electrochem., Acta,23(9), 855-860 (1978)
  9. Ti tien H. and James Mountz M., Photo-galvano-voltaic cell: A new approach to the use of solar energy, Int. J. Energy Res.,2(2), 197-200 (1978)
  10. John W., Albery and Andre Foulds W., Photogalvanic cell, J. Photochem., 10(1), 41-57 (1979)
  11. Ameta S.C., Khamesra S.., Chittora A.K. and Gangotri K.M., Used of sodium Lauryl sulphate in a photogalvanic cell for solar energy conversion and storage: methylene blue –EDTA system, Int. J. Energy Res.,13(6), 643-647 (1989)
  12. Ameta S.C., Khamesra S., Lodha S. and Ameta R., Use of thionine- EDTA system in photogalvanic cell for solar energy conversion, J. Photochem. Photobiol. A: Chem.,48(1), 81-86 (1989)
  13. Dube S., Lodha A., Sharma S.L. and Ameta S.C., Use of an Azur-A-NTA system in a photogalvanic cell for solar energy conversion, Int. J. Energy Res.,17(.5), 359-363 (1993)
  14. Gangotri K.M., Meena R.C., and Meena R., Use of miscelles in photogalvanic cells for solar energy conversion and storage: cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide-glucose-toluidine blue system, J. Photochem., Photobiol. A: Chem.,123(1-3), 93-97 1999) , Gangotri K.M. and Meena R.C., Use of reductant and photosensitizer in photogalvanic cell for solar energy conversion and storage: oxalic acid – methyline blue system, J. Photochem. Photobiol. A: Chem.,141(2), 175-177 (2001)
  15. Meena R.C., Singh G., Tyagi N. and Kumari M., Studies of surfactants in photogalvanic cells-NaLS –EDTA and Azur- B, J. Chem. Sci.,116(3), 179-184 (2004)
  16. Genwa K.R. and Gangotri K.M., Comparative studies in anionic cationic and non ionic surfactant in photogalvanic cells for solar energy conversion and storage. Point of view: Nitrilotriacidic–Azur B system, J. Indian Chem. Soc.,81(7), 592-594 (2004)
  17. Bhimwal M.K. and Gangotri K.M. A Comparative Study on the performance of photogalvanic cell with different photosensitizers for solar energy conversion and storage : D-Xylose-NaLS systems, Energy,36, 1324-1331 (2011)
  18. Gangotri P. and Gangotri K.M. Studies of the Micellar Effect on Photogalvanics : Solar Energy Conversion and Storage – EDTA-Safranine O-CTAB System, Arb.J. Sci. Engg.,35(1A), 19-28 (2010)
  19. Genwa K.R. and sagar C.P., Role of Carmine inTween 60 – Ascorbic Acid System for Energy Conversion, Res. J. Recent Sci.,1(ISC – 2011)
  20. 62-66 (2012)
  21. Genwa K.R. and Chouhan Anju, Optimum efficiency of photogalvanic cell for solar energy conversion and storage containing Brilliant Black PN-Ammonium lauryl Sulphate-EDTA system, Res. J. Recent Sci.,1(ISC-2011), 117-121(2012)
  22. Chandra Mahesh and Meena R.C., Role of Photo sensitizer-Reductant for Generation of Electrical Energy in Photo galvanic Cell, Res. J. Chem. Sci.,1(1) 63 (2011)
  23. Paras Manoj Kumar and Rai Jagdish, On the Energy Estimation of Lighting Dishcarge, Res. J. Recent. Sci.,1(9), 36-40, (2012)
  24. Manmeeta, Saxena Dhiraj, Sharma G.D. and Roy M.S., Improved performance of oxidized Alizarin based Quasi solid state Dye Sensitized solar cell by surface Treatment, Res. J. Chem. Sci.,2(2), 61-71, (2012)
  25. Tamilarasi T. and Ananthi T., Phytochemical Analysis and Anti Microbial Activity of Mimosa pudica Linn, Res. J. Chem. Sci.,2(2), 72-74, (2012)
  26. Ozuomba J.O., Edebeatu C.C., Opara M.F., Udoye M.C. and Okonkwo N.A., Performance of a Solar Water Distillation Kit fabricated from Local materials, Res. J. Chem. Sci.,2(3), 64-67, (2012)
  27. Deshannavar U.B. Murgod A.A., Golangade M.S., Koli P.B., Banerjee Samyak and Naik N.M., Photo-Oxidation Process? Application for Removal of color from Textile Industry Effluent, Res. J. Chem. Sci.,2(10), 75-79, (2012)