International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Cathode Materials for Solid State Microbatteries-A Case Study

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Physics, Andhra Loyola College, Vijayawada – 520008, INDIA

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 2, Issue (3), Pages 74-79, March,18 (2012)


As the general tendency of all advanced technologies is towards miniaturization, it is evident that the future development of batteries is aimed at smaller dimensions with higher-energy densities. A microbattery is an energy conversion/storage device, designed and built with microelectronics thin film fabrication technologies with footprints of the order of 50-100 μm2 having capabilities to provide currents of the order of 100-200μA/cm2 with storage capacities in the range of 70-200 μAh/cm2. Lithium rechargeable batteries are gaining more importance now a days because of their capacity compared with conventional rechargeable systems and due to their wide potential use, ranging from portable devices to heavy electric vehicles. The use of transition metal oxides as intercalation cathodes has turned the lithium power sources into the current generation. Lithium transition metal oxides have received significant attention due to their industrial applications especially in rechargeable lithium-ion batteries. These materials are applied on the cathode side where Li is, respectively extracted and stored during the charge-discharge cycle of the battery.


  1. Ohring M., in: The Materials Science of Thin Films, Academic Press, San Diego, CA, p. 79 (1992)
  2. Ohring M., in: The Materials Science of Thin Films, Academic Press, San Diego, CA, p. 147 (1992)
  3. Komarnei S., Sakka S., Phule P.P., Laine R. M., in: _Sol–Gel Synthesis and Processing, Ceramic Transactions, 95, The American Ceramic Society, Westerville, OH, USA, (1998)
  4. Yoshimura M., J. Mater. Res., 13, 796-780 (1998)
  5. Meunier G., Dormoy R., and Levasseur A., Mater. Sci. Eng.B 3, p. 19 (1989)
  6. Dyer C.K., A Novel Thin-Film Electrochemical Device For Energy Conversion, Nature, 343, p. 546 (1990)
  7. Julien C., in: Lithium Batteries: New materials, Development and perspectives (G. Pistoia, Ed.,) Elsevier, Amsterdam, p.167 (1994)
  8. Jones S.D., and Akridge J.R., in : M.Z.A. Munshi (Ed.) Handbook of Solid State Batteries and Capacitors, World Scientific: Singapore, p. 209 (1995)
  9. Akridge J.R., in: Solid State Microbatteries, J.R.A. Akridge, M. Bakanski (Eds.), Plenum Press, New York (1988)
  10. Kobayashi K., Kosuge K. and Kachi S., Electric and magnetic properties of LixV2-xO2, Mater. Res. Bull., 4, 95-106 (1969)
  11. Liu P., Lee S.H., Yan Y., Tracy C.E. and Turner J.A., Advanced materials for Lithium ion batteries, J. Power Sources, 158, 245-248 (2006)
  12. Plichta E., Salomon M., Slane S. and Uchiyama M., A rechargeable Li//LiCoO2 Cell J. Power Sources, 21, 25-31 (1987)
  13. Amatucci G.G., Tarascon J.M. and Klein L.C., CoO2, The End Member of the LixCoO2 Solid Solution, J. Electrochem. Soc., 143, 1114-1123 (1996)
  14. Oh S., Lee J.K., Byun D., Cho W.I. and Cho B.W., Effect of Al2O3 coating on ... for secondary lithium batteries, J. Power Sources, 132, 249-255 (2004)