International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Adsorption Studies of Fluoride on Multani Matti and Red Soil

Author Affiliations

  • 1Centre for Environment and Climate Change, School of Environmental Sciences, JNIAS, Hyderabad, AP, INDIA
  • 2 St. Ann’s College for Women, Mehedipatnam, Hyderabad, AP, INDIA
  • 3 Sri Padmavathi Mahila Viswa Vidyalayam, Thirupathi, AP, INDIA

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 2, Issue (10), Pages 32-37, October,18 (2012)


The present study deals with the adsorption of fluoride by multani matti and red soil. These two materials are fuller earths which are used to remove stains and non washable materials. Taking that factor into consideration, batch adsorption studies are carried for removal of fluoride from water. It is found that percentage removal increased with contact time and adsorbent dosage. The optimum contact time for multani matti and red soil is within 15 minutes. The percentage removal of fluoride decreased with increased in concentration. Langmuir and freundlich adsorption isotherms are followed. Pseudo second order kinetics and Elovich models explained the phenomena of adsorption.


  1. John D.J., Water treatment, Handbook of Drinking Water Quality Standards and Controls, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 407–490 (2008)
  2. Culp R. and Stolenberg H., Fluoride reduction at La Cross, Kan, J. AWWA,50(3), 423–431 (1958)
  3. Parker C.L. and Fong C.C., Fluoride removal technology and cost estimates, Ind. Wastes, 23–25 (1975)
  4. Potgeiter J.H., An experimental assessment of the efficiency of different defluoridation methods, Chem. SA, 317–318 (1990)
  5. Nawalakhe W.G., Kulkarni D.N., Pathak B.N. and Bulusu K.R., Defluoridation of water with alum, Ind. J. Environ. Health,16(1),(1974)
  6. Technical Digest, National Environmental Engineering Research Institute, Nagpur, NEERI Manual (1978)
  7. Mortland M.M., Shaobai S. and Boyd S.A., Clay organic complexes as adsorbents for phenol and chlorophenols, Clays Clay miner., 34, 581-585 (1986)
  8. Alagumuthu G. Veeraputhiran V. and Rajan M., Comments on Fluoride removal from water using activated and MnO2-coated Tamarind Fruit (Tamarindus indica) shell: Batch and column Studies, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 183, 956-957 (2010)
  9. Lagergren S., Zur theorie Der Sogennten Adsorption Geloster Stoffe, Hand linger., 24, 1-39 (1898)
  10. Low K.S., Lee C.K. and Ng A.Y., Column study on the adsorption of Cr (VI) using Quanternised rice Hulls, Bioresou. Technol., 65, 205-208 (1999)
  11. Chien S.H. and Clayton W.R., Application of Elovich Equation to the kinetics of phosphate release and sorption on soils, Soil sci.soc.Am.J., 44, 265-268 (1980)
  12. Voudrias K. Fytianos and Bozani, Global Nest,4(2), 75-83 (2002)
  13. Arnesen A.K.M., Abrahamsen G., Sandvik G. and Krogstad T., Aluminium-smelters and fluoride pollution of soil and soil solution in Norway, Science of the Total Environment, 163, 39–53 (1995)
  14. Cheung W.H., Szeto Y.S. and McKay G., Intraparticle diffusion processes during acid dye adsorption onto chitosan, BioresourceTechnology, 98, 2897–2904 (2007)
  15. Sujana M.G., Pradhan H.K. and Anand S., Studies on sorption of some geomaterials for fluoride removal from aqueous solutions, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 161, 120–125(2009)
  16. Zhu C.S., Bai G.L., Liu X.L. and Li Y., Screening high-fluoride and high-arsenic drinking waters and surveying endemic fluorosis and arsenic in Shaanxi province in western China, Water Research, 40, 3015– 3022 (2006)
  17. Ho Y.S., Selection of optimum sorption isotherm, Carbon, 42, 2113–2130 (2004)
  18. WHO, Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality, World Health Organization, Geneva (2008)
  19. Ho Y.S. and Mcay G., Study of the Sorption of Divalent metal ion to peat, Adsorption. Sci. Technol., 18, 639-650 (2000)
  20. Alagumuthu, G. and Rajan M., Equilibrium and kinetics of adsorption of fluoride onto zirconium impregnated cashew nut shell carbon, Chemical Engineering Journal, 158, 451–457(2010)
  21. Rojit, Anirudihan, G. water Research,32(12), 3772-3780(1998)
  22. Sumanjit and Prasad N., Adsorption of leads on rice husk ash, Indian Journal of Chemistry, 40A, 388-391 (2001)
  23. Stephen Inbaraj and Sulochana N., Basic lead Adsorption on a low cost carbonaceous Sorbent kinetic and equilibrium studies, Indian journal of chemical technology, 9, 201-208 (2002)
  24. Alagumuthu G. and Rajan M., Kinetic and equilibrium studies on fluoride removal by zirconium (IV) – impregnated ground nutshell carbon, Hemijska industrija, 64(4), 295–304 (2010)
  25. Nuhoglu Y. and Oguz, Removal of copper (II) from aqueous solution by biosorption on the cone biomass of Thuja orientalis, process Biochem., 38, 1627-1631 (2003)
  26. Gupta V.K., Jain C.K., Ali I., Sharma M. and Saini V.K., Removal of cadmium and nickel from waste water using bagasse fly ash- a sugar industry waste, water Res.,37, 4038-4044 (2003)
  27. Chitin G., Annadurai M., Chellapandian and Krishnan M.G.V., Environmental; monitoring and assessment, 59(1), (1999)
  28. Goel Jyotsna, Kadrivelu K., Rajgopal Chitra, Garg Vinod Kumar, Journal of chemical technology and biotechnology, 80(4), 469-476 (2005)
  29. Capsule report, Environmental protection agency (1997)
  30. Patil S.G., Chonde S.G., Jadhav A.S. and Raut P.D., Impact of Physico-Chemical Characteristics of Shivaji University lakes on Phytoplankton Communities, Kolhapur, India, Research Journal of Recent Sciences,1(2), 56-60 (2012)
  31. Bhise R.M., Patil A.A., Raskar A.R., Patil P.J. and Deshpande D.P., Removal of Colour of Spent Wash by Activated Charcoal Adsorption and Electrocoagulation, Research Journal of Recent Sciences, 1(6), 66-69 (2012)