Phytochemical analysis of few selected medicinal plants used for the treatment of diabetes in Assam, India
- 1Department of Chemistry, Royal School of Applied and Pure Sciences, Royal Global University, Guwahati-781035, Assam, India
Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 11, Issue (1), Pages 34-41, February,18 (2021)
Diabetes mellitus has been found to be managed and controlled by various herbal plant extracts. Different herbal products are used as antidiabetic supplements. Various phytochemicals belonging to different classes like flavonoids, alkaloids, phenolic compounds, steroids, tannins, coumarins, terpenoids, etc. have demonstrated bioactivity against high blood glucose level in diabetic patients. Phytochemicals are actually naturally synthesized secondary plant metabolites. In the present study phytochemical screening and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR) analysis of different parts of some selected antidiabetic medicinal plants was carried out for characterization of the crude extract and detection of functional groups in these plant parts. The FT-IR spectroscopic analysis has shown the presence of various important functional groups. The results of phytochemical screening have confirmed the presence of various secondary plant metabolites viz., steroids, alkaloids, glycosides, flavonoids, terpenoids, carotenoids, tannins and phenolic compounds in the studied plant parts. Hence, the present study gives a strong support and offers a base of using these plant species as herbal alternative for the diabetic patients.
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