International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Phytochemical analysis of few selected medicinal plants used for the treatment of diabetes in Assam, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Chemistry, Royal School of Applied and Pure Sciences, Royal Global University, Guwahati-781035, Assam, India

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 11, Issue (1), Pages 34-41, February,18 (2021)


Diabetes mellitus has been found to be managed and controlled by various herbal plant extracts. Different herbal products are used as antidiabetic supplements. Various phytochemicals belonging to different classes like flavonoids, alkaloids, phenolic compounds, steroids, tannins, coumarins, terpenoids, etc. have demonstrated bioactivity against high blood glucose level in diabetic patients. Phytochemicals are actually naturally synthesized secondary plant metabolites. In the present study phytochemical screening and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR) analysis of different parts of some selected antidiabetic medicinal plants was carried out for characterization of the crude extract and detection of functional groups in these plant parts. The FT-IR spectroscopic analysis has shown the presence of various important functional groups. The results of phytochemical screening have confirmed the presence of various secondary plant metabolites viz., steroids, alkaloids, glycosides, flavonoids, terpenoids, carotenoids, tannins and phenolic compounds in the studied plant parts. Hence, the present study gives a strong support and offers a base of using these plant species as herbal alternative for the diabetic patients.


  1. Somara S. and Malepati D.N. (2019)., Evaluation of protective effect of Centellaasiaticaleaves on pancreas function in diabetic rats., International Journal of Herbal Medicine, 7(1), 55-60.
  2. Kesari S., Santosh K.S., Rajesh K.G. and Geeta W. (2007)., Studies on the glycemic andlipidemic effect of Murrayakoenigii in experimental animals., Journal of Ethnopharmacol, 112(2), 305-11.
  3. Ahmed I., Adeghate E., Sharma A.K. and Pallot D.J. (2018)., Effects of Momordicacharantia fruit juice on islet morphology in the pancreas of the streptozotocin-diabetic rat., Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 40(3), 145-151.
  4. Patience O., Estella U. and Philip F. (2014)., Natural products as potential sources of antidiabetic drugs., British Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, 4(17), 2075-2095.
  5. Panal S. (2015)., Characterization Simplisia and Ethanolic Extract of Pirdot (SaurauiaVulcani, Korth) Leaves and Study of Antidiabetic Effect in Alloxan Induced Diabetic Mice., International Journal of Chem Tech Research, 8(6), 784-794.
  6. Kadali V. N., Pola S.R., Ramesh T. and Sandeep B. V. (2016)., Anti-diabetic plants present in West Godavari district of Andhra Pradesh India- A short review., International Journal of Pharma Sciences and Research, 7(2), 72-76.
  7. Nwonu C., Ilesanmi O., Agbedahunsi J. and Nwonu P. (2019)., Natural products as veritable source of noveldrugs and medicines: A review., International Journal of Herbal Medicine, 7(1), 50-54.
  8. Deore A.B., Sapakal V.D. and Naikwade N.S. (2011)., Antioxidant and hepatoprotective activity of Garcinia indica fruit., International Journal of Comprehensive Pharmacy, 2(6), 8-17.
  9. Sarma P.C. (2011)., Ethno antidiabetic plants of Assam., International Journal of Applied Biology and Pharmaceutical Technology, 2(4), 246-251.
  10. Kumar S. and Kumar C. (2012)., Phytoconstituents and pharmacological activities of Musa paradisiaca Linn., Asian Journal of Biochemical and Pharmaceutical Research, 4(2), 199-206.
  11. Banik G., Bawari M., Choudhury M.D. and Choudhury S. (2010)., Some anti-diabetic plants of Southern Assam., Journal of Science & Technology, Biological and Environmental Sciences, 5(1), 114-119.
  12. Jhajhria A. and Kumar K. (2016)., Tremendous pharmacological values of Aegle marmelos., International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences Review and Research, 36(2), 121-127.
  13. Patil M. B. (2016)., Anti-diabetic activity of some medicinal plants., Indian Journal of Applied Research, 6(1), 241-242.
  14. Horborne J.B. (1988)., Phytochemical methods., Third Edition, Chapman and Hall, London, 117.
  15. Sofowora A. (1993)., Medicinal plants and traditional medicine in Africa., 2nd edn, Spectrum Book Ltd, Ibadan, Nigeria.
  16. Trease G.E. and Evans W.C. (1989)., Pharmacognosy., 13th edn, Bailliere Tindall, London.
  17. Devi S., Kumar D. and Kumar M. (2016)., Ethnobotanical values of antidiabetic plants of M.P. region, India., Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies, 4(3), 26-28.
  18. Maries R.J. and Farnsworth N.R. (1995)., Antidiabetic plants and their active constituents., Phytomedicine, 2(1), 137-189.
  19. Alan L. and Miller N.D. (1996)., Antioxidant Flavonoids: structure, function and clinical usage., Alt. Med. Rev., 1(2), 103-111.
  20. Essiett U.A., Bala D.N. and Agbakali J.A. (2010)., Pharmacognostic studies of the leaves and stem of Diodiascandens SW in Nigeria., Archives of Applied Science Research, 2(5), 184-198.
  21. Kasali F.M., Wendo F.M., Muyisa S.K., Ntokamunda Kadima J. (2016)., Comparative hypoglycemic activity of flavonoids and tannins fractions of Stachytarpheta indica (L.) Vahl leaves extracts in Guinea-Pig and Rabbits., International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Research, 5(2), 48-57.
  22. Bhushan M. S., Rao C. H. V., Ojha S. K., Vijayakumar M. and Verma A. (2010)., An analytical review of plants for antidiabetic activity with their phytoconstituent& mechanism of action., International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research, 1(1), 29-46.