International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Corrosion Inhibition of Carbon steel by Succinic acid-Zn2+ system

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Chemistry, Chettinad College of Engineering and Technology, Karur 639 114, Tamil Nadu, INDIA
  • 2 Corrosion Research Centre, PG and Research Dept. of Chemistry, GTN Arts College, Dindigul 624 005, Tamil Nadu, INDIA
  • 3Department of Chemistry, RVS School of Engineering and Technology, Dindigul 624 005, Tamil Nadu, INDIA

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 1, Issue (8), Pages 42-48, November,18 (2011)

Abstract

The inhibition efficiency (IE) of succinic acid (SA) in controlling corrosion of carbon steel in sea water in the absence and presence of Zn2+ has been evaluated by weight loss method. The formulation consisting of 250 ppm SA and 50 ppm Zn2+ has 93% IE. It is found that the inhibition efficiency (IE) of SA increases by the addition of Zn2+ ion. A synergistic effect exists between SA and Zn2+. Polarization study reveals that SA Zn2+ system controls the cathodic reaction predominantly. FTIR spectra reveal that the protective film consists of Fe2+ SA complex and Zn(OH). The surface morphology of the protective film on the metal surface was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) study. A suitable mechanism for corrosion inhibition is proposed based on the results from the above studies.

References

  1. Bregmanna I., corrosion inhibitors, (Macmillon, New York, London) 33, 48, 99, 107(1963)
  2. Hackerman N. and Langmuir, Comprehensive Treatise of Electrochemistry, 922-930 (1987)
  3. Hatch G.B., Corrosion Inhibitors, Ed. CC. Nathan, NACE, Houstan, Texas, U.S.A 126 (1973)
  4. Mercer A.E., 5th European symposium on corrosion inhibitors (5 SEIC) Anna University, Ferrara, Sez. V. Supp. n 7, 563 (1980)
  5. Mercer A.D., ASTM special technical publications, ASTM Philadelphia, U.S.A. 705, 53 (1980)
  6. Chemistry Research for the years 1951, 1954 and 1958, Published by HMSO, London.
  7. Funke W. and Hamann K., Werkstoffe und Korrosion, 9, 202 (1958)
  8. Hersch P., Hare J.B., Robertson A. and Sheilla M., Sutherland, An experimental survey of rust preventives in water I. Methods of testing, J. App. chemistry, 11, 246 (1961)
  9. Mayne J.E.O. and Ramshaw E.M., J. App. chemistry, 10,419 (1980)
  10. Shmeleva N.K. and Darannik V.P., Zhur. Priklad. Khim, 36, 813 (1963)
  11. Bogatyreva E.V. and Balezin S.A., Zhur. Priklad. Khim, 32, 1071(1959)
  12. Bogatyreva E.V. and Nagaev V.V., Zhur. Priklad. Khim, 35, 556 (1962)
  13. Bogatyreva E.V. and Balezin S.A., Zhur. Priklad. Khim, Tekhnol. n 1 (1959)
  14. Kuznetsov I., Yu et al. 6th European symposium on corrosion inhibitors, (6 SEIC) Anna University, Ferrara, Sez. V. Supp. n 8, 567 (1985)
  15. Bogatyreva E.V. and Karepina M.A., Zhur, Priklad. Khim, 36, 147 (1963)
  16. Klyuchnikov N.G. and Novoshinskaya N.S., Zhur, Priklad. Khim, 36, 2470 (1963)
  17. Abdel Rehim S.S., Sayyah S.M and EL Deeb M.M., Corrosion of tin in citric acid solution and the effect of some inorganic anions, Mat. Chem. and Phy.,80 (3), 696-703 (2003)
  18. Felicia Rajammal Selvarani, Santhamadharasai S., Wilson Sahayaraj J., John Amalraj A. and Rajendran S., Synergistic effect of succinic acid and Zn2+ in controlling corrosion of carbon steel, Bulletin of Electrochem., 20, 561 565 (2004)
  19. Arockia selvi J., Rajendran S. and Amalraj A.J., Corrosion inhibition by sodium potassium tartrate-Zn2+system for cabon steel in rain water collected from roof top, Indian J. Chem. Technol., 14, 382 (2007)
  20. Florence G.R.H., Antony A.N., Sahayaraj J.W., Amalraj A.J. and Rajendran S., Corrosion inhibition of carbon steel by adipic acid-Zn2+ system, Indian J. Chem. Technol., 12, 472 (2005)
  21. Wilson sahayaraj J., Reymond P., Rajendran S. and John Amalraj A., Tartrate-Zn2+ system as corrosion inhibitor for stainless steel in sea water, J. Electrochem. Soc. of India, 56 , 14-19 (2007)
  22. http://www.Chem-online.org
  23. Wranglen G., Introduction to corrosion and protection of metals, Chapmann and Hall, London 236 (1985)
  24. Selvaraj S.K., John Kennedy A., John Amalraj A., Rajendran S. and Palaniswamy N., Corrosion behaviour of carbon steel in the presence of polyvinylpyrrolidone, Corrosion Rev., 22 (3), 219-330 (2004)
  25. Sathiya bama J., Susai Rajendran, Arockia Selvi J. and John Amalraj A., Methyl orange as corrosion inhibitor for carbon steel in well water, Indian J. Chem. Technol., 15, 462-466 (2002)
  26. Sathiya bama J., Rajendran S., Selvi J.A. and Jeyasundari J., Fluorescein as corrosion inhibitor for carbon steel in well water, Bulgarian Chem. Communications, 41 (4), 374 (2009)
  27. Kalaivani R., Narayanasamy B., Selvi J.A., Amalraj A.J., Jeyasundari J. and Rajendran S., Corrosion inhibition by prussian blue, Portugaliae Electrochimica Acta, 27 (2), 177-187 (2009)
  28. Shanthi S., Arockia Selvi J., Agnesia Kanimozhi S., Rajendran S., John Amalraj A., Narayanasamy B. and Vijaya N., Corrosion behaviour of carbon steel in the presence of iodide ion, J. Electrochem. Soc. India,56 , 48 51 (2007)
  29. Kzauo Nakamoto, Infrared and Raman spectra of inorganic coordination compound (Wiley Interscience, Newyork) 95 (1981)
  30. Silverstein R.M. Bassler G.C. and Morrill T.C., Spectrometric Identification of Organic Compounds, (John Wiley and Sons, New York), 95 (1986)
  31. Leema Rose A., Felicia Rajammal Selvrani, Peter Pacal Regis A., Susai Rajendran, Kanchana S. and Krishnaveni A., Corrosion inhibition by monosodium glutamate Zn2+ system, Zastita Materijala, 50, 187 (2009)
  32. Sekine I. and Hirakwa Y., Corrosion, 42, 276 (1986)
  33. Xu Yang, Fu Sheng Pan and Ding Fei Zhang, A study on corrosion inhibitor for Magnesium alloy, Mat. Sci. Forum, 610-613, 920-926 (2009)
  34. Gogoi P.K. and Barhai B., Corrosion Inhibition of carbon steel in open recirculating cooling water system of petroleum refinery by a multi-component blend containing zinc (II) diethyldithiocarbamate, Indian J. Chem. Technol., 17, 291-295 (2010)
  35. Hamdy A., Farag A.B., EL-Bassoussi A.A., Salah B.A. and Ibrahim O.M., Electrochemical behaviour of brass alloy in different saline media: Effect of Benzotriazole, World App. Sci. Journal, 565-571 (2010)
  36. Weihua Li, Lichao Hu, Shengtao Zhang and Baorong Hou, Effects of two fungicides on the corrosion resistance of copper in 3.5 % NaCl solution under various conditions, Corrosion Sci., 53, 735-745 (2011)