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Monitoring of Physico-Chemical and Microbiological Analysis of Under Ground Water Samples of District Kallar Syedan, Rawalpindi-Pakistan

Author Affiliations

  • 1Microbiology Research Laboratory, Department of Microbiology, Quaid-i-Aam University, Islamabad 45320, PAKISTAN

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 1, Issue (8), Pages 24-30, November,18 (2011)


Physico-chemical and microbiological study of groundwater and municipal water in Kallar Syedan is presented here by taking water samples from five different stations. The study was carried out by collecting five underground water samples (two open well, two bore) and one municipal water sample during April 2011-July 2011. The results were compared with standards prescribed by WHO and ISI 10500-91. The parameters including pH, electrical conductivity (EC), total dissolved solids (TDS), turbidity, dissolved oxygen (DO), total alkalinity (TA), total hardness (TH), calcium (Ca2+) magnesium (Mg2+), sodium (Na), potassium (K), chloride (Cl), nitrate (NO) sulphate (SO2-), phosphate (PO3-) and bacterial count (MPN/100 ml coliforms) were analyzed. It was found that the underground water was contaminated at few sampling sites namely Tayala and Luni. The sampling site Bhakral showed physico-chemical and microbiological parameters within the water quality standards and the quality of water are good and it is fit for drinking purpose.


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