International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Comparative Study of Batch Adsorption of Fluoride Using Commercial and Natural Adsorbent

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Chemical Engineering, Bharati Vidyapeeth University, Pune, INDIA

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 1, Issue (7), Pages 68-75, October,18 (2011)


Fluoride is an essential constituents for both humans and animals depending on the total amount ingested or its concentration in drinking water. The presence of fluoride in drinking water, within permissible limits of 0.5-1.0 mg/l, is beneficial for the production and maintenance of healthy bones and teeth, while excessive intake of fluoride causes dental and skeletal fluorosis. An attempt is made to study the various materials available with special reference to different methods of defluoridation and different natural adsorbents used for defluoridation by adsorption technique. Different activated adsorbent samples like activated alumina, activated bauxite, Activated rice husk were taken and equilibrium studies were conducted to find a suitable adsorbent. The results obtained from these studies are presented in this report


  1. Bulsu K.R. and Nawlakhe W.G. “Defluoridation of water using Activated Alumina Batch operation” Journal of Environ., Health, 30, 262-264 (1988)
  2. Bhakuni T.S., Shastry C.A, “An Overview of Defluoridation Methods”, Indian Water Works Associ.,37, 265-282 (1999)
  3. Balinski, C.W. and Wlodzimerz, M.J., “Cause”, Effects And Remedial options for in Drinking Water “Journal of Chem Engg, 81, 121-127 (1981)
  4. Rubel N. And Wooley, “Batch Studies of Water Defluoridation Using Activated Alumina”, Journal of Waste process Chem. Engg., 63, 848-859 (1992)
  5. Chari K.V., Rao R.J. and Naidu, MGC “Fluorine Content of Raw Vegetables, Foods Available At Podili, Andhrapradesh.”Proceeding of The Symposium Of Fluorosis, (1974)
  6. Ast. D. Smith D. and Wacks B. Cantwell “Fluoride Study XIV, Combined Clinical And Dental Finding After 10 Years of Water Experience” JADA, 52 314-325 (1956)
  7. Alagarsamy S.R., Gandhiranjan M., and Navneetha, A., “Development of Package Defluoridation Plant For Hand Pump installation.” Journal of Indian Water Works Association. 18, 19-26 (1986)
  8. Shortt H., McRobert, G. Barndard T. and Nayar, “A Endemic Fluorosis in Nellore district of south India”, Indian M Gazzete, 72, 396-398 (1937)
  9. Ravinson David And M.John, “Methods of Fluoride Analysis”, Journal of Assoc.Manage, 27, 291-294
  10. Blank C., And Icken M.,“Fluoride Analysis By Using Spectroscopic Methods”, Journal of Environ. Sci &Engg, (3) 41, 141-143 (1982)
  11. Thomas J. and Chamberlain, N. “Colorometric Analytical Methods”, Analytical Letters, 14, 493-498 (1974)
  12. Baker F.J., and Morison H., “Trace Element Removal from Ash Dam Water By Nano Filtration And Diffusion Dialysis”, Journal of NEPT, 89, 325-341