International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Biomethanation of Water Hyacinth, Poultry Litter, Cow Manure and Primary Sludge: A Comparative Analysis

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Chemical Engineering, R. V. College of Engineering, Bangalore-560059, INDIA

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 1, Issue (7), Pages 22-26, October,18 (2011)


Facing energy crisis and climate change, the world is in need of a green, efficient, carbon-neutral energy source to replace fossil fuels. Biogas, produced by biomethanation of organic materials, contributes to sustainable, reliable and renewable energy. There is potential for biogas production from animal manure, energy crops and industrial wastes not only because the wastes themselves can be treated to minimize the environmental impact, but also for biofuel methane, which holds promise for the future. In the present study biomethanation of fresh water hyacinth, dry water hyacinth, poultry litter, cow manure and primary sludge were studied in a series of laboratory experiments using 250 ml biodigesters with 7% total solids and 60 days retention time. The digester fed with poultry litter produced highest biogas of 0.39 liters/g VS followed by the digester fed with primary sludge (0.28 liters/g VS).


  1. Budiyano I.N. Widiasa Johari and Sunarso S., Increasing biogas production rate from cattle manure using rumen fluid as inoculums, International Journal of Chemical and Basic & Applied Sciences, 10), 68-75 (2010)
  2. Sen Z., Global warming threat on water resources and environment: a review, Environmental Geology, 57, 321-329 (2009)
  3. Mills D.M.MA., Climate Change, Extreme Weather Events, and US Health Impacts: What Can We Say?, Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 51), 26-32 (2009)
  4. Jørgensen P.J., Biogas: Green Energy. II edition. PlanEnergi and Researcher for a Day – Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Aarhus University (2009)
  5. Verstraete W. Morgan Sagastume F. Aiyuk S. Waweru M. Rabaey K and Lissens G., Anaerobic digestion as a core technology in sustainable management of organic matter, Water Science and Technology, 52 1-2), 59-66 (2005)
  6. Angelidaki I. Ellegaard L and Ahring B.K., Applications of the anaerobic digestion procss. In: Ahring, B.K. Biomethanation II edition. Springer Berlin, 1- 33 (2003)
  7. Parawira W. Murto M. Read J.S. and Mattiasson B., Profile of hydrolases andbiogas production during two-stage mesophilic anaerobic digestion of solid potato waste, Process Biochemistry, 40), 2945-2952 (2005)
  8. Jagadish H Patil. MALourdu Antony Raj and Gavimath C.C., Impact of dilution on biomethanation of fresh water hyacinth, International Journal of Chemical Sciences and Applications, ), 86-90 (2011b)
  9. APHA, AWWA and WPCF, Standard methods for the examination of water and waste water, Washington D.C., 19 (1995)
  10. H. Patil Jagadish, Lourdu M.A. Antony Raj and Gavimath C,C., Study on effect of pretreatment methods on biomethanation of water hyacinth, International Journal of Advanced Biotechnology and Research, ), 143-147 (2011a)
  11. Luengo P.L. and Alvarez J.M., Influence of temperature, buffer, composition and straw particle length on the anaerobic digestion of wheat straw-pig manure mixtures, Resources, Conservation and Recycling), 27-37 (1988)
  12. Kanwar S.S. and Kalia A.K., Anaerobic fermentation of sheep droppings for biogas production, World journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology,174-175 (1992)
  13. Schink B.A. and Stams J.M., Syntrophism among prokaryotes. In: Dworkin M. (Ed.), The prokaryotes: an evolving electronic resource for the microbiological community, 3rd Ed. Springer, New York (2005)
  14. Sadaka S.S. and Engler C.R., Effect of initial total solids on composting of raw manure with biogas recovery. Composite Sci. and Utilization, 11), 361-369 (2003)
  15. Ojolo S.J. Oke S.A., Animasahun K and B.K., Adesuyi.,Utilization Of Poultry, Cow And Kitchen Wastes For Biogas Production: A Comparative Analysis, Iran. J. Environ. Health. Sci. Eng., 4(4), 223-228 (2007)
  16. Angelidaki I. Ellegaard L. Sorensen A.H. and Schmidt J.E., Anaerobic processes. In: Angelidaki I, editor.Environmental biotechnology. Institute of Environment and Resources, Technical University of Denmark(DTU), 1-114 (200)