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Novel Polymeric Surfactants Based on Oxalic Acid and Citric Acid for Detergents

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Applied Chemistry, Shri. Shankar Prasad Agnihotri College of Engg, Ramnagar, Wardha, INDIA
  • 2 Department of Applied Chemistry, Indira Gandhi Priyadarshini College of Engineering, Nagpur, INDIA

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 1, Issue (6), Pages 42-47, September,18 (2011)


Polymeric surfactant based on sorbitol, maize starch, acids and anhydrides have been synthesized and used successfully in detergent compositions. In the present piece of research work a small quantity of oxalic acid and citric acid along with major quantity of maize starch and sugar solution has been used in synthesis of polymer. The overall idea is to develop a polymeric surfactant using higher quantity of maize starch and substantial quantity of sugar along with oxalic acid and citric acid. These polymers may be ecofriendly are based on vegetable products. The synthesized polymers have been analyzed for physicochemical characteristics like acid value, saponification value, HLB ratio and cleaning efficiency .Selected novel polymeric surfactants based on these observations have been used in the preparation of powder detergent and liquid detergent. The acid slurry and Alpha Olefin Sulphonate based on crude petroleum have been successfully replaced by 50-70% by these novel ecofriendly polymers. The preparation of these polymers is simple and they can be recommended for commercial use. These novel polymers are comparable to commercial active ingredients and suitable for like commercial production. The novel polymers and detergents compositions can be taken up on pilot and industrial scale as they are ecofriendly and commercially and technically comparable to conventional products.


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