International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Treatment of High Fluoride Drinking Water Using Bioadsorbent

Author Affiliations

  • 1Chemistry Research Centre, Sri Paramakalyani College, Alwarkurichi 627412, INDIA

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 1, Issue (4), Pages 49-54, July,18 (2011)

Abstract

Recent surveys carried out to investigate the quality of groundwater in India indicated that some areas in the Dry Zone have the fluoride problem in endemics proportions. In these studies, it is clearly revealed that more than 60 percent of drinking water wells had fluoride levels exceeding 1.5 mg/L in the fluoride rich areas. Therefore, a technique for the defluoridation of fluoride-rich waters is necessary. This study describes the development of low cost effective adsorbent for the removal of dissolved fluoride in water using Phyllanthus emblica. The batch adsorption study was applied to analyze the defluoridating efficiency by varying contact time, adsorbent dose, adsorbate concentration, adsorbent particle size and presence of co-anions at neutral pH. Prepared adsorbent shows enhanced removal of fluoride by 82.1% at equilibrium contact time of 75 minutes. This study is a step in developing a general platform suitable for producing potable water that also specifically addresses the problem of fluoride removal.

References

  1. Veeraputhiran V. and Alagumuthu G., A report on fluoride distribution in drinking water, Int. J. Envir. Sci., 1(4), 558-566 (2010)
  2. Alagumuthu G. and Rajan M., Monitoring of fluoride concentration in ground water of Kadayam block of Tirunelveli district, India, Rasayan J. Chem., 4, 757-765 (2008)
  3. WHO, International Standards for Drinking Water, 3rd ed., Geneva, (2008)
  4. Parthasarathy N., Buffle J. and Haerdi W., Combined use of calcium salts and polymeric aluminium hydroxide for defluoridation of wastewater, Water Res., 20 (4), 443 (1986)
  5. Raichur A. M. and Basu J., Adsorption of fluoride onto mixed rare earth oxides, Sep. Purif. Technol., 24, 12 (2001)
  6. Agarwal M., Rai K., Shrivastav R. and Dass S., Deflouridation of water using amended clay, J. Clean. Prod., 11, 439 (2003)
  7. Lounici H., Belhocine D., Grib H., Drouiche M., Pauss A. and Mameri N., Fluoride removal with electro-activated alumina, Desalination, 161, 287 (2004)
  8. Pant K. K. and Ghorai S., Equilibrium, kinetics and breakthrough studies for adsorption of fluoride on activated alumina, Sep. Purif. Technol., 42, 265 (2005)
  9. Chauhan V. S., Dwivedi P. K. and Iyengar L., Investigations on activated alumina based domestic defluoridation units, J. Hazard. Mater., B139, 103 (2007)
  10. Pant K. K. and Ghorai S., Investigations on the column performance of fluoride adsorption by activated alumina in a fixed-bed, Chem. Eng. J., 98, 165 (2004)
  11. Maliyekkal S. M., Sharma A. K. and Philip L., Manganese-oxide-coated alumina: A promising sorbent for defluoridation of water, Water Res., 40, 3497 (2006)
  12. Das N., Pattanaik P. and Das R., Defluoridation of drinking water using activated titanium rich bauxite, J. Colloid Interface Sci., 1, 292 (2005)
  13. Gupta V.K., Ali I. and Saini V.K., Defluoridation of wastewaters using waste carbon slurry, Water Res., 41, 3307 (2007) 14. Fan X., Parker D.J. and Smith M.D., Adsorption kinetics of fluoride on low cost materials, Water Res., 37, 4929 (2003)
  14. Fan X., Parker D.J. and Smith M.D., Adsorption kinetics of fluoride on low cost materials, Water Res., 37, 4929 (2003)
  15. Srivastava V., Mall I. D. and Mishra I. M., Adsorption of toxic metal ions onto activated carbon study of sorption behaviour through characterization and kinetics, Chem. Eng. Process., 47, 1269 (2008)
  16. Cheng W., Dastgheib S. A. and Karanfil T., Adsorption of dissolved natural organic matter by modified activated carbons, Water Res., 39, 2281 (2005)
  17. Huang H., Lub M., Chen J. and Lee C., Catalytic decomposition of hydrogen peroxide and 4- chlorophenol in the presence of modified activated carbons, Chemosphere, 51, 935 (2003)
  18. Barkat M., Nibou D., Chegrouche S. and Mellah A., Kinetics and thermodynamics studies of chromium(VI) ions adsorption onto activated carbon from aqueous solutions, Chem. Eng. Process.: Process Intensif.,48 (1), 38-47 (2009)
  19. Mondal P., Majumder C. B. and Mohanty B., Effects of adsorbent dose, its particle size and initial arsenic concentration on the removal of arsenic, iron and manganese from simulated ground water by Fe3+ impregnated activated carbon, J. Hazard. Mater., 150, 695 (2008)
  20. Alagumuthu G. and Rajan M., Equilibrium and kinetics of adsorption of fluoride onto zirconium impregnated cashew nut shell carbon, Chem. Eng. J., 158, 451457 (2010)
  21. Alagumuthu G. and Rajan M., Kinetic and equilibrium studies on fluoride removal by zirconium (IV) impregnated ground nutshell carbon, Hem. ind., 64 (4), 295304 (2010)
  22. Alagumuthu G., Veeraputhiran V. and Rajan M., Fluoride removal from water using activated and MnO2-coated Tamarind Fruit (Tamarindus indica) shell:Batch and column studies, J. Hazard. Mater., 183, 956-957 (2010)
  23. Ramos R.L., Ovalle-Turrubiarters J. and Sanchez-Castillo M. A., Adsorption of fluoride from aqueous solution on aluminumimpregnated carbon, Carbon, 37, 609 (1999)
  24. Alagumuthu G., Veeraputhiran V. and Venkataraman R., Fluoride sorption using Cynodon dactylon based activated carbon, Hem. ind., 65(1), 23-35, (2011)
  25. American Public Health Association, Standard methods for the examination of water and waste water, Washington, 14th Edition, (2007)
  26. Sujana M. G., Pradhan H. K. and Anand S., Studies on sorption of some geomaterials for fluoride removal from aqueous solutions, J. Hazard. Mater., 161, 120 125 (2009)
  27. Sujana M. G., Thakur R. S. and Rao S. B., Removal of fluoride from aqueous solution by using alum sludge, J. Colloid Interf. Sci., 206, 94101 (1998)