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Evaluating Cosmology Research in India using Bibliometric and Citation Indicators Science 1960s

Author Affiliations

  • 1Library and Information Services, Physical Research Laboratory (Unit of Department of Space, Govt. of India), Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
  • 2Department of Library and Information Science, University of Kalyani, West Bengal, India

Res. J. Library Sci., Volume 4, Issue (5), Pages 1-13, June,21 (2016)


The present study explores the characteristics of the literature and growth of Cosmology research in India during 1960-2014, based on Web of Science (WoS) database and make quantitative and qualitative assessment by way of analysing various features of research output by using the scientometric techniques. A total of 2423 literature were published on Cosmology, which received total 40944 citations. The average number of publications per year was 59.09; Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) is 14.62% and the average number of citations per publication was 16.90. The publications peaked in the year 2014 with 235 publications and the highest number of citations (3053) was in 2004. This study analyzes the research studies based on year of publication, journal, international collaboration, spatial distribution and keyword occurrence frequency. The results of this work reveal that the publication on the Cosmology have grown high at a slow rate over the past 54 years and the curve fits the polynomial curve with R˛ = 0.9837. Publications on Cosmology appeared in 54 journals of which most active journal was “Astrophysics and Space Science” published by Springer from Netherlands and 434(17.912%) of the total 2423 publications. A total of 12599 authors contributed on Cosmology research. The most active author was Srianand, R produced maximum no. of publications 101 i.e. 4.168 % of total publications. 1605 institutions contributed of which Inter University Centre for Astronomy Astrophysics; Pune, India is the most productive institution. For globalization of Cosmology Research in India, the results show there were 70 Countries/territories which participated in Cosmology research. USA produced maximum publications 464 that is 19.150% of total publication with higher citations (8234). A Keyword analysis reveals that ‘‘Theory’’, ‘‘Redshift’’, ‘‘Observations’’, “Dark Energy” and “Cosmological constant” are the most used keywords.


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