Prevalence of malaria among symptomatic outpatient children of Hasiya Bayero Pediatric Hospital, Kano Nigeria
- 1Biology Department, Kano University of Science and Technology, Wudil, P.M.B.3244, Kano Nigeria
- 2Biology Department, Kano University of Science and Technology, Wudil, P.M.B.3244, Kano Nigeria
Int. Res. J. Medical Sci., Volume 7, Issue (1), Pages 1-6, January,28 (2019)
A cross sectional study was carried out to evaluated the incidence of malaria among symptomatic outpatient children of Hasiya Bayero Pediatric Hospital, Kano Nigeria. A total of 150 symptomatic outpatients children randomly participated, were diagnosed for malaria infection and identified the Plasmodium species in the blood samples infected individuals. The result obtained showed 80% (120/150) prevalence of malaria infection among the sampled population. The high positive predictive value 80.4% recorded indicated the quality of the diagnostic test employed (thin films) in the study. While low negative predictive value 20.8% shows that malaria infection is not excluded among the outpatient children. The odd ratio of 1.075 suggested that children presented with fever and other symptoms are more likely to have malaria infection than those presented with fever only. The diagnostic test results and the gender of the children are not related significantly (p>0.05). Male children are less likely to be infected with malaria than the female children (odds ratio=0.599). Also the age categories of the outpatient children are not related with the test results significantly (p>0.05). The age group 1-3 years were more likely to be infected with malaria disease than the age group 4-6 years (odds ratio=2.213). The Clinical presentations are less likely to occur in children infected with P. malariae than those infected with P. falciparum (odds ratio=0.610) and there was no significant relationship (p >0.05) between clinical presentations of the children and the species of Plasmodium in the blood samples of infected individuals. The prevalence of malaria was higher among the participants with more females aged 1-3 years presented with fever and other symptoms having high risk of infection with P. falciparum.
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