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Preliminary studies on the prevalence of Diabetes mellitus among student community in Kanyakumari District, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Zoology, Sree Ayyappa College for Women, Chunkankadai, Nagercoil, Kanyakumari District, Tamilnadu, India
  • 2Department of Zoology, Sree Ayyappa College for Women, Chunkankadai, Nagercoil, Kanyakumari District, Tamilnadu, India
  • 3Department of Zoology, Sree Ayyappa College for Women, Chunkankadai, Nagercoil, Kanyakumari District, Tamilnadu, India
  • 4Department of Zoology, Sree Ayyappa College for Women, Chunkankadai, Nagercoil, Kanyakumari District, Tamilnadu, India
  • 5Department of Zoology, Sree Ayyappa College for Women, Chunkankadai, Nagercoil, Kanyakumari District, Tamilnadu, India

Int. Res. J. Medical Sci., Volume 5, Issue (7), Pages 1-5, October,28 (2014)

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is emerging as a foremost health problem and the most common endocrine disorder. It is a persistent metabolic disease relating to carbohydrate metabolism characterised by glucose underutilization and hyperglycemia. The increase in occurrence of obesity and sedentary life style are the key factors for the rising prevalence of diabetes in India and throughout the world. It is important to consider the various factors contributing to the prevention and control of this pandemic disease. Hence, the present study was undertaken to assess the prevalence of Diabetes mellitus in Nagercoil, Kanyakumari District, Tamilnadu. India. In a population-based cohort study initiated in 2016, a sample of 200 students > 20 years of age from Kanyakumari district was selected by random sampling. The data on incidence of diabetes and the risk factor exposure were collected using questionnaire, anthropometric tests and urine sugar assessment. The gross examination of urine of the sample population revealed that the overall prevalence of diabetes is 3.5% only. Among the diabetic subjects 14.2% inherited diabetes from their parents. The findings of the present study also suggested that there is no association between the distribution of the ABO blood types and diabetes.

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