6th International Virtual Congress (IYSC-2020) And Workshop. 10th International Science Congress (ISC-2020).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Prevalence and Correlates of Depression among College going students of District Amritsar, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Amritsar, Punjab, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Medical Sci., Volume 2, Issue (11), Pages 5-9, November,28 (2014)

Abstract

Depression describes wide range of emotional lows from mere sadness to a pathological suicidal state. It can affect all ages, communities and race. The incidence of depressive symptoms has been increasing among college students. We undertook this study to determine the prevalence and correlates of depression among college going students of District Amritsar, Punjab. In a cross-sectional study, 200 subjects aged 18-24 years were studied from January 2014 to June 2014 in various educational institutes of district Amritsar. Demographic history, various risk factors and prevalence of depression were assessed using patient health questionnaire (PHQ-9). The relevant data was collected and analyzed. The overall prevalence of depression among college going students was found to be 16.5%. Among medical and non- medical students, it was 11% and 22% respectively and Mean age of the subjects was 20.841.62. Out of all studied subjects 81(40.5%) were male and 119(59.5%) were female. All the subjects were unmarried (100%), majority of them were urban residents (77.5%), from nuclear family (79.5%), belongs to Hindu religion (57%) and of middle socio-economic status (67%). Family history of chronic physical disease and family history of depression were present in 14.5 and 13.5 per cent subjects, respectively. Family related and academic factors were the common risk factors for depression among students. More than one third subjects with depression were not satisfied with their current stream and perceived their parents not understanding. In view of these factors, there is a need to focus upon some aspects of parenting and education counseling among students to decrease the prevalence of depression among youth.

References

  1. Onya O.N., Stanley C.N. and Stanley P.C., Risk factors for depressive illness among elderly GOPD attendees at UPTH, Int.Res.J.Medical Sci, 1(6), 1-9, (2013)
  2. Marcus M, Taghi Y.M., Van O.M., Chisholn D. and Sexsena S., Depression : A global public health concern. [Internet]. [cited 2013 Nov 15]; Available from: URL:// http:// www.whoint/mental_health/management/ depression/who_paper_depression_wfmh_2012.pdf., (2012)
  3. Grover S, Dutt A and Avasthi A., An overview of Indian research in depression, Indian J. Psychiatry, 52 ), 178-188 (2010)
  4. World Health Organisation, Global Burden of Disease 2008): 2004 update. Geneva: World Health Organization. [Internet]. [cited 2013Nov5]; Available from: http://www.who.int/healthinfo/ global_burden_ disesae/GBD_report_2004update_full.pdf, (2013)
  5. Andrale L., Caraveo A.J.J., Berqlund P., Bijl R.V., Graph D.R and Vollebergh W et al., The epidemiology of major depressive episodes : Results from the International Consortium of Psychiatric Epidemiology (ICPE) Surveys, Int J Methods Psychiatr Res, 12), 3-21 (2003)
  6. Patel V, Sumathipala A, Khan M, Thapa S and Rahman O, South Asian Region, Chapter for Textbook of Cultural Psychiatry (edsBhui and Bhugra), (2006)
  7. Patel V, Flisher A.J, Hetrick S, McGorry P, Mental health of young people: a global public-health challenge, Lancet, 369(9569) , 1302-13 (2007)
  8. Sidana S, Kishore J, Ghosh V, Gulati D, Jiloha R.C. and Anand T., Prevalence of depression in students of a medical college in New Delhi : A cross-sectional Study, MJA, 5(5), 247-250 (2012)
  9. Kumar G.S., Jain A and Hegde S, Prevalence of depression and its associated factors using Beck depression inventory among students of a medical college in Karnataka, Indian J Psychiatry, (54), 223-6 (2012)
  10. Nagendra K, Gouli C, Kalappanavar N.K and Kumar V, Prevalence and association of depression and suicidal tendency among adolescent students, ijbar, 09, (2012)
  11. Padda P, Singh G, Singh L and Chawla N., An epidemiological study of depression among college students in District Faridkot, Punjab. [Internet]. [cited 2013 nov 23] Available from: http://www.ruralhealthgoa 2012. Org/Document/event/11Dec.%20Black%20Box/Mental%20Health%20&%20Disaster%Black%20Box/Dr.%20Preeti%20Padda.pdf., (2013)
  12. Verma N., Jain M. and Roy P., Assessment of magnitude and grades of depression among adolescents in Raipur city, India, Int.Res.J.Medical Sci, ), 10-13, (2014)
  13. Saluja G, Lachan R, Peter C, Mary D., Prevalence of and risk factors for depressive symptoms among young adolescent, [Internet], [cited 2013oct 24], Available from : http://archpedi.jamanetwork.com, (2013)
  14. Onya O.N., Stanley C.N. and Stanley P.C., Risk factors for depressive illness among elderly GOPD attendees at UPTH, Int.Res.J.Medical Sci, 1(6), 1-9 (2013)
  15. Poongothai S., Pradeepa R, Ganesan A. and Mohan V., Prevalence of Depression in a Large Urban South Indian Population, The Chennai Urban Rural Epidemiology Study (Cures–70), PLoS ONE 4(9), e7185 (2009)
  16. Eisenberg D., Gollust S.E., Golberstein E. and Hefner J.L., Prevalence and Correlates of Depression, Anxiety and Suicidality Among University Students, Am J Orthopsych, (77), 534–542 (2007)
  17. Singh A., Lal A. and S., Prevalence of Depression Among Medical Students of a Private Medical College in India, OJHAS, 4(9),(2010)
  18. Khan M.S., Mahmood S, Badshah A, Ali S.U. and Jamal Y., Prevalence of depression, anxiety and their associated factors among medical students in Karachi, Pakistan, J Pak Med Assoc, 5612), 583-6 (2006)
  19. Onya O.N., Stanley C.N. and Stanley P.C., Risk factors for depressive illness among elderly GOPD attendees at UPTH, Int. Res. J. Medical Sci, 1(6), 1-9 (2013)
  20. Parikh R.M., Chakravorthy N., Sonawalla S.B., Mehrah G. and Dracass S.et al, Depression in college students in Bombay, students in Bombay, Program and abstracts of the American Psychiatric Association 2001 Annual Meeting, May 5-10, New Orleans, Louisiana, Symposium 70, (2001)
  21. Maccoby E.E. and Martin J.A., Socialization in the context of family : Parent- child interaction, in P.H. Mussen, Handbook of child psychology, (4) 1-101 (1983)
  22. Ingersoll B. and Goldstein S., Lonely, Sad and Angry : Aparents guide to depression in children and adolescent, (1995)
  23. Verma N., Jain M. and Roy P., Assessment of magnitude and grades of depression among adolescents in Raipur city, India, Int. Res. J. Medical Sci, ), 10-13 (2014)