Psychological status, economic and educational conditions in the period of COVID-19 Pandemic in Yangon, Myanmar
- 1Department of Zoology, East Yangon University, Myanmar
- 2Department of History, Mawlamyine University, Myanmar
- 3School of Environment, Northeast Normal University, China
- 4Department of Zoology, East Yangon University, Myanmar
- 5Department of Zoology, East Yangon University, Myanmar
- 6Department of Zoology, East Yangon University, Myanmar
- 7Department of Myanmar, University of Distance Education, Myanmar
Int. Res. J. Medical Sci., Volume 10, Issue (1), Pages 1-7, February,28 (2022)
COVID-19 pandemic is dreadful and a lot spreading rates in Yangon, Myanmar. COVID-19 pandemic was first reported by official in Wuhan City, China, in December 2019 and only on 23rd March, 2020, two COVID-19 patients were found in Yangon, the second Capital City of Myanmar. Yangon was the first place that found COVID-19 patients and became the most COVID-19 patients in Myanmar and also Yangon have the most population of migrant workers and then a lot of job opportunities for youths of Myanmar. The educational level of Yangon is the best in Myanmar. During COVID-19 periods, even some private schools and some Universities of Yangon have online teaching system, students and their parents don’t like online teaching system and most students want to study physically and some students of private schools left the schools. So, private teachers neither were fired job nor got their salaries since 30th June. Except office servants of some companies related to commodity and technology, other migrant workers faced with releasing their salaries and allowances including work overtime and their apartments. 50 percentage of migrant workers lose their jobs and 75 percentage of population of Yangon felt depression in Myanmar. In Yangon, public psychological status, economy and education suffered in high percentage while COVID-19 period.
- B. Gavin, J.H., D. Adamis and F. McNicholas (2020)., Caring for the Psychological Well-Being of Healthcare Professionals in the Covid-19 Pandemic Crisis., Irish Medical Journal, 113(5), P51.
- Roy, D., Tripathy, S., Kar, S. K., Sharma, N., Verma, S. K., & Kaushal, V. (2020)., Study of knowledge, attitude, anxiety & perceived mental healthcare need in Indian population during COVID-19 pandemic., Asian journal of psychiatry, 51, 102083.
- Mazza, C., Ricci, E., Biondi, S., Colasanti, M., Ferracuti, S., Napoli, C. & Roma, P. (2020)., A nationwide survey of psychological distress among Italian people during the COVID-19 pandemic: immediate psychological responses and associated factors., International Journal of environmental research and public health, 17(9), 3165.
- Phyoe Marnn, H.H., Phyo Moh Moh Zin, Thu Zar Win, Nizeyimana Jean Claude, Haider Ali, Yousef A.Al-Masnay, Bazel Al-Shaibah, Izhaar Malik and Ali R.Al-aizari (2021)., COVID-19 Pandemic Impact on Public Distress, Economy and Education of Bago Division in Myanmar., Technium Social Sciences Journal, 15.
- Holger Cramer, R.L., Jost Langhorst and Gustav Dobos (2013)., Yoga for depression: A systematic review and meta-analysis., Depression and Anxiety, 1-16.
- Elizabeth Anderson, a.G.S. (2013)., Effects of exercise and physical activity on anxiety., Frontiers in Psychiatry, 4(27).
- Carpena, M. X., de Souza Tavares, P., & Menezes, C. B. (2019)., The effect of a six-week focused meditation training on depression and anxiety symptoms in Brazilian university students with 6 and 12 months of follow-up., Journal of affective disorders, 246, 401-407.
- Paul Blenkiron, L.G. (2019)., Patient-reported outcome measures in community mental health teams: pragmatic evaluation of PHQ-9, GAD-7 and SWEMWBS., Blenkiron & Goldsmith, 43, 221-227.
- Brown R. P., & Gerbarg P. L. (2005)., Sudarshan Kriya yogic breathing in the treatment of stress, anxiety, and depression: part I—neurophysiologic model., Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 11(1), 189-201.
- Joy Kuttappan, N.S. (2020)., Factors of Psychological Problems during COVID-19 and Recommendations.,
- Chakraborty, K., & Chatterjee, M. (2020)., Psychological impact of COVID-19 pandemic on general population in West Bengal: A cross-sectional study., Indian Journal of Psychiatry, 62(3), 266.
- Ng, C., Chauhan, A. P., Chavan, B. S., Ramasubramanian, C., Singh, A. R., Sagar, R., ... & Isaac, M. (2014)., Integrating mental health into public health: The community mental health development project in India., Indian Journal of Psychiatry, 56(3), 215.
- Gilbert, M., Dewatripont, M., Muraille, E., Platteau, J. P., & Goldman, M. (2020)., Preparing for a responsible lockdown exit strategy., Nature Medicine, 26(5), 643-644.
- Betty Pfefferbaum, D.S., Brian W. Flynn, Ann E. Norwood, and R.E.K. Daniel Dodgen, Darrin Donato, Brook Stone, Lisa M. Brown, Dori B. Reissman, Gerard A. Jacobs, Stevan E. Hobfoll, Russell T. Jones, Jack Herrmann, Robert J. Ursano and Josef I. Ruzek (2012)., The H1N1 Crisis A Case Study of the Integration of Mental and Behavioral Health in Public Health Crises., Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, 6(1).
- Provisional Results (2014)., Myanmar Population and Housing Census: Ministry of Immigration and Population, Union of Myanmar., Census Report, 1.
- Banavaram Anniappan Arvind, G.G., Santosh Loganathan, Senthil Amudhan, Mathew Varghese, Vivek Benegal, Girish N Rao, Arun Mahadeo Kokane, Chavan B S, Dalal P K, Daya Ram, Kangkan Pathak, Lenin Singh R K, Lokesh Kumar Singh, Pradeep Sharma, Pradeep Kumar Saha, Ramasubramanian C, Ritambhara Y Mehta and Shibukumar T M, (2019)., Prevalence and socioeconomic impact of depressive disorders in India: multisite population-based cross-sectional study., BMJ Open.
- Halder, S., Mahato, A., & Manot, S. (2020)., COVID-19: Psychological impact and psychotherapeutic intervention., EC Psychology and Psychiatry, 9(2020), 32-35.
- Kim Usher, F., Navjot Bhullar and Debra Jackson (2020)., Life in the pandemic: Social isolation and mental health., Journal of Clinical Nursing, 29, 2756-2758.