9th International Science Congress (ISC-2019).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

A Poli-cultural reading on the concept of ‘Home and the World’: with special reference to Rabindranath Tagore’s ‘Home and the World’ (1916)

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of English Language Teaching, University of Kelaniya, Kelaniya, Sri Lanka
  • 2Department of Languages, Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanka, Belihuloya, Sri Lanka

Res. J. Language and Literature Sci., Volume 6, Issue (3), Pages 6-15, September,19 (2019)

Abstract

In the latter part of the Bengal national movement which was predominantly known as ‘Bengal Renaissance’ was transcended by Mahathma Gandhi in the polity and by Ravindranath Tagore in the literary perspective. It was a huge public mobilization with multi-faceted bitter repercussions. This paper does not intend to flourish all the complicated reasons, stake holders or results in the political momentum of so called Bengal Renaissance. This is an effort in reconsideration for only one dimension of cultural penetration created by Tagore aligned with the above mentioned moment with special reference to his novel ‘Home and the World’ (1916). This research also articulates the movie Ghare Baire directed by Sathyajit Ray in 1984. The cultural index and the political ideology portrayed by the novel, and the concept itself called ‘home and the world’ were examined through this research. The paper stresses the importance of reinterpreting the relationship between the individual personified character and the external world. This argument furnishes the plural voices endorsed into one poli-cultural entity. A person launches a battle for his/her own redemption, independence or salvation from a drive within himself/herself. Simultaneously it is visible to the external society too. Bimala, the protagonist revolts with her husband Nikhlesh in the home cantered insurrection, the premises of power, while she utilizes the assistance from Sandeep to escape from home, family and from her inner chained drives. The paper suggests that, so called controversial and overlapping hardships of that situation can be broadly reinterpreted through a poli-cultural revisiting and intends to consider its characterization, structures, socio-political and cultural scenarios occurred at the moment. The trinity of Bimala, Nikhil and Sandeep themselves visualize the concept of ‘home and the world’. On the contrary, once Gandhi organized the fragmented nations against their own micro rebels and against British Empire. The novel ‘Home and the World’ and its concept itself mirrors those two poled insurrections too. Hence, Tagore’s vision of life and the effort of penetrating invisible or concealed complexities of their national movement are widely discussed in the paper.

References

  1. Anderson B. (2006)., Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism., Verso: New York. Revised Edition, Introduction,3,5,7. ISBN 13-978-17847-8675-5.
  2. Tagore R. (1917)., Nationalism., USA: Macmillan, 24,28,133,143,152.
  3. Hobsbawm E. (1989)., The Age of Empire 1875-1914., Vintage Books, New York.ISBN 0-679-72175-4.
  4. Hobsbawm E. (1994)., Age of Extremes: The Short Twentieth Century 1914-1991., London, Abacus. ISBN 0-349-10671-1.
  5. Chatterjee P. (1986)., Nationalist Thought and the Colonial World., London, Zed Books. ISBN 0-862-32553-6.
  6. Chatterjee P. (1993)., The Nation and Its Fragments: Colonial and Postcolonial Histories., Princeton: Princeton University Press, 120. ISBN 0-691-01943-6.
  7. Chatterjee P. (1997)., Our Modernity., Rotterdam/ Dhaka, South-South Exchange Programme.
  8. Chatterjee P. (2004)., The Politics of the Governed: Reflections on Popular Politics in Most of the World., New York, Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-13062-7.
  9. Said E.W. (1979)., Orientalism., New York, Vintage Books. ISBN 394-74067-x.
  10. Said E.W. (1994)., Culture and Imperialism., New York, Vintage Books. ISBN 0-679-75054-1.
  11. Chakrabarty D. (2000)., Provincializing Europe: Postcolonial Thought and Historical Difference., Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-1300-19.
  12. Nandi A. (1994)., The Illegitimacy of Nationalism: Rabindranath Tagore and the Politics of Self., USA: Oxford University Press. ISBN 13-978-019563-2989.
  13. Amstrong J.A. (1982)., Nations before Nationalism., USA, University of North Carolina Press. ISBN 978-1-4696-2072-5.
  14. Breuilly J. (1982)., Nationalism and the State., USA, University of Chicago Press. ISBN 10-022-6074-145.
  15. Gellner E. (1983)., Nations and Nationalism., New York: Cornell University Press. ISBN 13-978-110760-4629.
  16. Hroch M. (1985)., Social Preconditions of National Revival in Europe: A Comparative Analysis of the Social Composition of Patriotic Groups among the Smaller European Nations., (trans:)Fowkes, B., New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-052122-8916.
  17. Smith A.D. (1986)., The Ethnic Origins of Nation., Oxford, Blackwell Publishers. ISBN 978-06311-6169-1.
  18. Appiah Q.A. (2006)., Cosmopolitanism: Ethics in World of Stranger., Princeton: Princeton University Press.ISBN 978-03933-2933-9.
  19. Nussbaum M.C. (2002)., For Love of Country?., Boston: Beacon Press. Introduction xiii, 15. ISBN 13-978-08070-4329-5.
  20. Sen A. (2004)., The Argumentative Indian., New York: Farra. Straus and Giroux.xx,xxi. ISBN 13-978-03124-260-26.
  21. Desai A. (1985)., Home and the World., Introduction. (trans.) Surendranath Tagore (1915). London: Penguin.
  22. Quayum M.A. (2005)., Paradisiacal Imagination: Rabindranath Tagore’s Visvovod or Vision of Non-national Neo-Universalism., Quodlibet: Australian Journal of Trans-National Writing, 1, February 2005. ISSN: 1832-0813
  23. Quayum M.A. (2005)., Empire and Nation: Political Ideas in Rabindranath Tagore, South Asian Review, 26(2), 41-59. doi.org/10.1080/02759527.2005.
  24. Quayum M.A. (2014)., Rabindranath Tagore: A Biographical Essay., Malaysia, International Islamic University.
  25. Quayum M.A. (2015)., Hindu–Muslim Relations in the Work of Rabindranath Tagore and Rokeya Sakhawat Hossain., South Asia Research, 35(2), 177-194. Doi.org/10.1177/026272801558128.
  26. Chakraborty C. (2004)., Edward Said and Worldliness: Reading the Hindu Right., Journal of Commonwealth Postcolonial Studies, 2(1).
  27. Chakraborty C. (2014)., Speaking through Bodies, Exhibiting the Limits: British Colonialism and Gandhian Nationalism., Forum for World Literature Studies, 6(4).
  28. Atkinson D.W. (1993)., Tagore’s Home and the World: A Call for a New World Order., The International Fiction Review, 20(2), 96-97.
  29. Amarakeerthi L. (2011)., Jathikawadayata Erehiwa Sarwabaumikathwaya: Gurudewa Thagorge Sanskruthika Vicharaya., Coparahewa, S. Colombo: Sanskruthi, 22(2), 1-27.
  30. Sen A. (1997)., Selected Letters of Rabindranath Tagore., Krishna D. and Andrew R. UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 13-978-052159018-1.
  31. Hobsbawm E. (1990)., Nations and Nationalism since 1780: UK., Cambridge University Press. ISBN 13-978-113905188-0.
  32. Bhabha H. (1984)., Of mimicry and man: The ambivalence of colonial discourse., October, 28, 125-133.
  33. Mishra S. (2017)., Post colonialism and Sathyajith Ray’s GhareBaire., Bijnor, Rajakiya Engineering College.
  34. Reshi A.H. (2014)., Interrogating Nationalism in Home and the World., Research Scholar, An International Research e Journal of Literary Explorations, New Delhi, 2(4).
  35. Pham C.P. (2013)., Rabindranath Tagore’s The Home and the World: Story of the Failure of the Nationalist Project., Asiatic: IIUM Journal of English Language and Literature, 7(2), 299-317.
  36. Chaudri S. (2007)., Space, Interiority and Affect in Charulatha and Ghare Baire., Journal of the Moving Image, 6.
  37. Tagore R. (2004)., The Home and the World., (trans.) Nivedita S. New Delhi: Srishti Publishers and Distributors, 15-274.ISBN 978-014044986-0.
  38. Radhakrishnan S. (1919)., The Philosophy of Rabindranath Tagore., London: Macmillan and Co. Limited, 255. ISBN 13-978-129685699-1.