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Social dominance, ethnic prejudice and the challenges of nation building: the Nigerian Experience

Author Affiliations

  • 1Political Science & International Relations, Nile University of Nigeria, Nigeria

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 9, Issue (1), Pages 42-45, January,14 (2020)


The study set out to investigate how unbalanced hierarchal social dominance across underlying ethnic groups in Nigeria results in prejudice, thus affecting the probability of nation building in contemporary Nigeria. Conceiving ethnic prejudice as a pejorative stereotype, often very resilient to change which is cherished by one ethnic group against the other. Upon reviewing relevant primary and secondary data, the study is of the opinion that the widespread prevalence of prejudice is informed by the unhealthy competition across ethnic groups for limited scarce resources. Thus, concluding the inability of the groups to converge and come up with appropriate revenue sharing formula for resources, political office amongst other national resources has further affected the ability of ethnic groups to work harmoniously in building a nation. To address this trend the study proposes the need for reorientation on a mass level and re-evaluation of national policies and framework such as the federal character principle aimed at integrating underlying groups with a view to building a nation.


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