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Evolution of tea industry in Tripura: Socio-economic and political factors

Author Affiliations

  • 1Centre of Social Medicine & Community Health, SSSII Building, JNU, New Delhi, India

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 9, Issue (1), Pages 30-36, January,14 (2020)


The paper explores the evolution of tea industry in Tripura. Tea gardens in Tripura were mainly established to boost up the economy of the state. Bengali entrepreneurs from East Bengal were invited for establishing of tea estates. This paper is divided into two parts. First part is describing the economical reason of setting up of tea estate, labour recruitment and gradual evolution of tea industry in Tripura under monarchy before merging into Indian Union in 1949. Second part is after becoming a state of India, changes in tea industry occurred over the period. There is state involvement, unions of workers as well as owners which are influencing tea industry. Insurgency which is a burning problem in North- East and Tripura is also not spared from this also influenced the tea industry in state. Though Tripura has a history of tea industry of more than hundred years still there is less known literature on tea industry about this. This paper is trying to throw light on this through secondary literature review and field visit. This paper is also trying to bring out the history of setting up of tea industry in Tripura by the royal family of Tripura in the year 1916 without intervention by British and also trying to explore political, economic background of the state which is influencing the tea industry in Tripura.


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