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Political violence and civil society in India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Jawaharlal Nehru University, New-Delhi-110067, India

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 8, Issue (4), Pages 61-63, October,14 (2019)


The global phenomenon of Political Violence which has been witnessed in different time-spaces has become a major trend for the recalcitrant groups of the society to achieve the desired political ends. Political Violence can be a one-sided affair which involves only the state repression on the disgruntled and enemy groups in the society. However, the recent trend has been the two-sided violence, where the state sponsors the violence on the one hand whereas on the other hand the armed groups or the non-state actors can also be seen confronting the state and its institutions on the ground. Such a confrontational violence has been termed as the civil-war. The origins of the political violence in the Indian union can be traced back to the mid 1960′s when the popular armed uprisings started in the state of west Bengal by the dissatisfied rural poor, influenced by the moist doctrines. In the same period there was another armed uprising against in Jammu and Kashmir. The late 1970′s saw the movement for the independent Khalistan by the Sikh groups in the Indian held Punjab. These movements not only undermined the state sovereignty but also led to the institutional breakdown of civil society.


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