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Men Implications of deforestation on climate change in Nigeria: a theoretical assessment

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Geography and Environmental Management, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria
  • 2Kebbi State College of Basic and Advanced Studies, Yauri, Kebbi State, Nigeria
  • 3Kebbi State College of Basic and Advanced Studies, Yauri, Kebbi State, Nigeria

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 8, Issue (4), Pages 46-57, October,14 (2019)

Abstract

Deforestation is the loss of forest by removing the vegetation by man for agriculture, animal grazing, urban and industrial development. Deforestation has great impact on the developing countries as tropical forest is being converted into other land use types. Biodiversity, fauna and flora are being destroyed and the natural environment is degraded resulting to severe impact and contributing immensely to climate change. Deforestation promotes the release of carbon stored in plants and soils and significantly alters the energy budget of the earth system. The normal weather pattern is mostly disrupted leading to hotter and drier weather thereby increasing drought occurrence and desertification. African countries are noted as the most vulnerable region of the world were deforestation has impacted negatively on their environment and Nigeria has the highest record of annual net loss of its forest. This paper ex-ray the implications of deforestation on climate change in Nigeria. The review is based on content analysis exploring evidence from secondary data and field survey. Types and functions of forest as well as causes of deforestation have been extensively discussed. Approaches for combating deforestation in Nigeria have been identified. There include environmental education and enlightenment, increase of protected areas, agroforestry programmes, reforestation and afforestation initiative among others.

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