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An investigation of friendship quality development in Taiwanese and Vietnamese children

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Psychology, National Chung-Cheng University, Taiwan and Center for research in Cognitive Sciences, National Chung-Cheng University, Taiwan
  • 2Department of Psychology, National Chung-Cheng University, Taiwan
  • 3Center for research in Cognitive Sciences, National Chung-Cheng University, Taiwan

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 8, Issue (4), Pages 11-21, October,14 (2019)

Abstract

The present study attempted to investigate the differences in between friendship quality of children in Taiwan and Vietnam. 757 children aged 8-12 years-old participated, including 395 Taiwanese and 362 Vietnamese children. Results found significant differences on sex, age, country, and the interactions between sex and age, and age and country on the friendship quality. Girls were higher than boys, older children were higher than younger children, and Taiwanese children were higher than Vietnamese children. For the interaction, it was found older girls had better friendship quality than boys on the companionship and recreation and also intimate exchange. In addition, it was also found that for older children, Taiwanese children were higher than Vietnamese children on conflict and betrayal, validation and caring, and intimate exchange. Both younger and older Taiwanese children were higher than their counterparts of Vietnamese children on their scores of help and guidance. Finally, for companionship and recreation, Vietnamese younger children were higher than Taiwanese young children but the Vietnamese older children were lower than Taiwanese older children. Taken together, the differences on friendship quality in between of Taiwanese and Vietnamese children can be explained under a general trend in development as well as the cultural influences in their experience of friendship.

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