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Ensuring nutritional security: imperatives from agriculture

Author Affiliations

  • 1ICAR-Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture (CRIDA), Santhoshnagar, Hyderabad, Telangana-500059, India
  • 2ICAR-Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture (CRIDA), Santhoshnagar, Hyderabad, Telangana-500059, India
  • 3ICAR-Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture (CRIDA), Santhoshnagar, Hyderabad, Telangana-500059, India
  • 4ICAR-Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture (CRIDA), Santhoshnagar, Hyderabad, Telangana-500059, India
  • 5ICAR-Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture (CRIDA), Santhoshnagar, Hyderabad, Telangana-500059, India

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 7, Issue (10), Pages 21-23, October,14 (2018)

Abstract

Improving status of farmers and enhancing agricultural incomes would improve the welfare of people. Contribution of agriculture to total GDP is 16-17 per cent, while the work force employed in agriculture is about 50 per cent. Agriculture is the major source of employment to majority of population of our country. Agriculture is affected with different problems such as small and fragmented holding, lack of mechanisation, erosion, depletion and pollution leading to unhealthy soils, negligence of natural resources, improper use of pesticides and chemicals, affects the quality of crops harvested. Agricultural growth in our country needs to tuned and revived in order to meet the nutrition requirements of a large population. The small and marginal farmers belong to resource poor areas, with higher climate variability, low input and technology use which leads to low incomes. Under nutrition in concentrated in these areas, requiring specific attention as contribute nearly 40 per cent of the food production of the country. In recent times our food basket has been changing with demand to quality and health. In order to maintain a balanced nutrition and inclusive agriculture growth there is need to diversify agriculture considering the changing trend thereby increasing their incomes and meeting the nutritional requirements.

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