5th International Virtual Conference (IVC-2018).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Prevalence of depression among Afghan university students

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education, Bamyan University, Afghanistan
  • 2Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education, Bamyan University, Afghanistan
  • 3Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education, Bamyan University, Afghanistan

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 7, Issue (1), Pages 16-21, January,14 (2018)

Abstract

Depression is a prominent mental disorder among university students around the world. Afghanistan Ministry of Public Health (MOPH) reported that most Afghans suffer from different degree of depression. Afghanistan Ministry of Higher Education (MoHE) also states insufficient health care in the country. However, MoHE has just established a few counseling centers in some universities to assist students in relation to their academic stress and other psychological barriers. The aim of the study was to find out the prevalence of depression among Afghanistan public universities. 721 questionnaires were distributed to the participants in all three universities. The results show that students suffer from different levels of depression. 30% of the participants suffer from moderate depression, 20% from mild mood swings, 15% border line clinical depression, 12% severe depression, and 3% extreme depression. The findings warrant providing greater mental health assistance and counseling centers at universities.

References

  1. Babury M.O. and Hayward F.M. (2013)., A Lifetime of Trauma: Mental Health Challenges for Higher Education in a Conflict Environment in Afghanistan., education policy analysis archives, 21(68), 68.
  2. Ministry of Higher Education (2010-2014)., Afghanistan Ministry of Higher Education Strategic Plan., Retrieved from http://mohe.gov.af/?lang=en&p=plan
  3. Ministry of Public Health (2009-2014)., Afghanistan National Mental Health Strategy., Ministry of Public Health, General Directorate of Preventive Medicines Mental Health & DDR Department.
  4. Sayed G.D. (2011)., Mental Health in Afghanistan: Burden, Challenges and the Way Forward., Health, Nutrition and Population (HNP) discussion paper, World Bank, Washington, DC.©World Bank. https:// openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/13589 License: CC BY 3.0 IGO.
  5. Shin S.M., Kim H.J., Liw L. and Kim S. (2009)., Depression and PTSD in Pashtun women in Kandahar, Afghanistan., Asian nursing research, 3(2), 90-98.
  6. WHO. (2001)., Country Profiles, Afghanistan., Retrieved from http://www.emro.who.int/MNH/ WHD/Country Profile-AFG.htm
  7. Ventevogel P. (2005)., The psychiatric epidemiological studies in Afghanistan: a critical review of the literature and future directions., J Pak PsychiatrSoc, 2(1), 9-12.
  8. Trani J.F. and Bakhshi P. (2013)., Vulnerability and mental health in Afghanistan: Looking beyond war exposure., Transcultural psychiatry, 50(1), 108-139.
  9. De Berry J. (2004)., Community psychosocial support in Afghanistan., Intervention, 2(2), 143-151.
  10. Panter-Brick C., Eggerman M., Gonzalez V. and Safdar S. (2009)., Violence, suffering, and mental health in Afghanistan: a school-based survey., The Lancet, 374(9692), 807-816.
  11. Wahed W.Y.A. and Hassan S.K. (2017)., Prevalence and associated factors of stress, anxiety and depression among medical Fayoum University students., Alexandria Journal of Medicine, 53(1), 77-84.
  12. Brandy J. Marie (2011)., Depression in Freshmen College Students., Doctorate thesis, Loyola University Chicago Loyola eCommons, Theses Paper 177. http://ecommons. luc.edu/luc_diss/177
  13. Safiri S., Khanjani N., Kusha A., Narimani M.R. and Karamzad N. (2013)., Prevalence of depression and its associated factors using Beck Depression Inventory among students of School of Health and Nutrition, Tabriz, Iran in 2009., Journal of Analytical Research in Clinical Medicine, 1(2), 83-89.
  14. Sarokhani D., Delpisheh A., Veisani Y., Sarokhani M.T., Manesh R.E. and Sayehmiri K. (2013)., Prevalence of Depression among University Students: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Study., Depress Res Treat, 2013, 373857. doi: 10.1155/2013/373857
  15. Kumaraswamy N. (2013)., Academic stress, anxiety and depression among college students: A brief review., International review of social sciences and humanities, 5(1), 135-143.
  16. Das P.P.P. and Sahoo R. (2012)., Stress and Depression among post-graduate students., International Journal of Scientific and Research Publication, 2(7), 451-455.
  17. Ng C.G. (2014)., A review of depression research in malaysia., The Medical Journal of Malaysia, 69, 42-45.
  18. Perveen S. (2015)., Relationship between negative cognitive style and depression among university students., The Online Journal of New Horizons in Education–October, 5(4), 74-83.
  19. Segal D.L., Coolidge F.L., Cahill B.S. and O, Psychometric properties of the Beck Depression Inventory—II (BDI-II) among community-dwelling older adults., Behavior Modification, 32(1), 3-20.
  20. Wang Y.P. and Gorenstein C. (2013)., Psychometric properties of the Beck Depression Inventory-II: a comprehensive review., Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria, 35(4), 416-431.
  21. Lowe G.A., Lipps G., Halliday S., Morris A., Clarke N. and Wilson R.N. (2009)., Depressive symptoms among fourth form students in St. Kitts and Nevis high schools., The Scientific World Journal, 9, 149-157.
  22. Rizvi F., Qureshi A., Rajput A.M. and Afzal M. (2015)., Prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress (by DASS scoring system) among medical students in Islamabad, Pakistan., 8(1), 69-75.
  23. Daryanavard A., Madani A., Mahmoodi M.S., Rahimi S., Nourooziyan F. and Hosseinpoor M. (2011)., Prevalence of depression among high school students and its relation to family structure., American Journal of Applied Sciences, 8(1), 39.
  24. Sharma P. and Kirmani M.N. (2015)., Exploring Depression & Anxiety among College Going Students., International Journal of Science and Research, 4(6), 528-532.
  25. Moreira D.P. and Furegato A.R.F. (2013)., Stress and depression among students of the last semester in two nursing courses., Revistalatino-americana de enfermagem, 21(SPE), 155-162.
  26. Mkize L.P., Nonkelela N.F. and Mkize D.L. (1998)., Prevalence of depression in a university population., Curationis, 21(3), 32-37.
  27. Tomoda A., Mori K., Kimura M., Takahashi T. and Kitamura T. (2000)., One‐year prevalence and incidence of depression among first‐year university students in Japan: A preliminary study., Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 54(5), 583-588.
  28. Al-Busaidi Z., Bhargava K., Al-Ismaily A., Al-Lawati H., Al-Kindi R., Al-Shafaee M. and Al-Maniri A. (2011)., Prevalence of depressive symptoms among university students in Oman., Oman medical journal, 26(4), 235.