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A review of agrarian relations and changes in state Sikkim, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Centre for the Study of Regional Development, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi-110067, India

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 6, Issue (8), Pages 59-62, August,14 (2017)


It is the state Sikkim where De Facto control was ruled by the British from 1861-1947. A comprehensive picture of agrarian relations in Sikkim was evolved after the establishment of the Namgyal Dynasty (1642). The agrarian structure of Sikkim was monarchy based. In subsequent periods, migrant Bhutias were the ruling class over the indigenous Lepcha tribes & migrant Nepalese. Nepalese had to pay higher amount of rent which was abolished by the king in 1956. But when increased migrant Nepalese outnumbered the Lepcha-Bhutia population, they were prohibited from acquiring land especially in North Sikkim. Generally, three types of tenancy were formed in Sikkim–adhia, kudd and masikatta. After Sikkim becomes the 22nd Indian state in 1975, land reforms were an important step in the state of Sikkim which play an important role on agriculture sustenance.


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