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Riverbank erosion as an impediment to rural development in Bangladesh: the applicability of system theory

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Sociology and Anthropology, International Islamic University, Malaysia
  • 2Department of Sociology and Anthropology, International Islamic University, Malaysia

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 6, Issue (8), Pages 40-46, August,14 (2017)


This paper contributes to the broad-ranging topic of natural disaster management from a sociological perspective. In particular, it draws attention to the relevance of System Theory and advocates its suitability for designing frameworks to understand natural disaster phenomenon, which grab the head-lines like hurricanes and floods, but also more neglected, insidious, and equally vicious disasters like riverbank erosion in Bangladesh. This holds especially true for impoverished regions of the world like South Asia, which are still predominantly agrarian and rural. The recovery of rural system to indemnify its status to pre-disaster stage is influenced as much by the developmental activities as is the development system’s restoration to previous developmental pace is reinforced by the affected area’s resurgence, resilience, and re-organization of social order. These interrelated topics can be studied in unison effectively through system theory to understand better the implications of riverbank erosion on rural development.


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