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Household livelihood strategies choice and the impact of livestock rearing on the sustainable rural livelihoods of indigenous people in three selective districts of Bangladesh

Author Affiliations

  • 1College of Economics & Management, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, P.R. China
  • 2College of Economics & Management, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, P.R. China

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 6, Issue (8), Pages 9-22, August,14 (2017)

Abstract

This study adopts an asset-based approach to conceptualize the livelihood strategies pursued by indigenous people in rural Bangladesh in particular, Rangamati, Khagrachri and Dinajpur districts. To describe livelihood strategies in the context of livestock based on-farm management, primary data was collected from 300 sample Adivasi households in the survey areas. Asset-based socio-economic as well as demographic factors were characterized through descriptive statistics. Wealth ranking exercise showed that from the total sample households (HHs) 10%, 46.7% and 43.3% were better off, medium and poor respectively, clustered into four livelihood strategies with different outcomes and levels of livelihood diversification. In terms of income, the study result(s) indicated that, farm-alone livelihood strategy has/have better outcomes. However, some households were found to be depended on non-farm and off-farm strategies rather than farm-alone. In addition, the multinomial logit model reveals that households’ livelihood strategies choice were influenced by sex, age of households’ head, educational level of households’ head, farm size, ownership of livestock, involvement in local leadership, annual cash income, access to credit, input use, and training. Our study suggests that livelihood strategy choice of an indigenous person household was mostly influenced by socio-economic and demographic factors. Poor households might be engaged in more income generating activities.

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