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Expenditure pattern in social services in MP, India Since 2001

Author Affiliations

  • 1SSL Jain PG College, Vidisha, MP, India
  • 2SSL Jain PG College, Vidisha, MP, India

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 6, Issue (12), Pages 5-15, December,14 (2017)

Abstract

The paper attempts to study the behaviour of social services expenditure in Madhya Pradesh from 2001-02 to 2017-18. Study is using four ways of examining trends in social services expenditures. The first is to calculate social services as a percentage of overall government expenditure, the second is to look at it as a proportion of GSDP (Gross State Domestic Product) third option is to look at per capita social services expenditure and the fourth is the utilization of the funds in the social services. The provision of social services is primarily the responsibility of state governments even as they receive large financial support from the central government under centrally sponsored schemes. The paper looks at the trends of social services expenditure of Madhya Pradesh and the sub sectors. In per capita terms social expenditure has increased significantly in MP (Madhya Pradesh) during the study period, and the increase was about 10 times. The available data indicates that state's expenditure on social sector has steadily increased over the years mainly from 2015-16 when state got increased untied fund from the union government due to the implementation of the 14th finance commission's recommendations, however these improved funds transferred into the housing and urban development, and the important sectors like health, water supply and sanitation, nutrition, social welfare and SC (Schedule Caste), ST (Schedule Tribe) and OBC (Other Backward Class) welfare could not benefitted. Education has captured major share in the social sector expenditure, all other sub-sector should also get equal importance apart from the education as they are the basic needs of a life. During the study period share of social services in total expenditure was always less than the UNDP (United Nations Development Programme) recommended 40 percent in the state. The under spending was the steady problem in the study period. The analysis shows that variance of actual expenditure to the budgeted amount in total state expenditure is small, but when we go deep into the social services under spending is increasing.

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