Trends in the Food Crop Productivity of Major Crops Grown in Jammu and Kashmir- A Spatio-temporal Analysis
- 1Department of Geography, University of Kashmir, Jammu & Kashmir, India
- 2Department of Geography, University of Kashmir, Jammu & Kashmir, India
- 3Department of Geography, University of Kashmir, Jammu & Kashmir, India
Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 6, Issue (11), Pages 11-21, November,14 (2017)
The present paper attempted to find out the spatio-temporal changes in the agricultural productivity in Jammu and Kashmir at district level. The agricultural productivity is the function of various physical and socio-economic factors, viz, climate, nature of landscape, irrigation, capital, etc. which is manifested in the district level variations in the per capita productivity. The analysis of the productivity data revealed that in context of paddy, Kashmir province has more productivity levels than Jammu province because of proper and assured irrigation and suitability of land. The productivity in Kashmir province increased by 13.48 quintals/hectare (11.45 q/ha in 1980-81 to 24.93 q/ha in 2008-09), while as in Jammu province it increased by 11.16 quintals/ha (8.96 q/ha in 1980-81 to 20.12 q/ha in 2008-09). However, in case of productivity of wheat, Jammu province has more productivity levels than Kashmir province as it is staple food of Jammu province and moreover in Kashmir valley it is cultivated on little area and that too in winter season which is not much favourable for its cultivation. The productivity of wheat in Kashmir province increased by 8.13 quintals/hectare (6.58 q/ha in 1980-81 to 14.71 q/ha in 2008-09), while as in Jammu province it increased by 9.22 quintals/ha (7.76 q/ha in 1980-81 to 16.98 q/ha in 2008-09). Similarly, the productivity of maize is also more in Jammu province than Kashmir Province and in fact recorded more increase (8.91 q/ha) than Kashmir province (7.55 q/ha) during these twenty eight years. The district level analysis depicts that the districts which are lying either in Jammu plains or have more area under Jhelum valley floor in Kashmir valley, for example, Pulwama, Anantnag, Srinagar, and Baramulla posses more productivity in Paddy and Wheat than those which have undulating topography and are nestled between the mountains (Doda, Udhampur, Rajouri, Poonch etc). But on contrarily, these hilly districts have more maize productivity than the other districts.
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