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Vertical growth and Associated Socio-Functional changes after 21st Century: A micro study of Kolkata, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Geography, Presidency University, Kolkata, India

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 5, Issue (6), Pages 16-23, June,14 (2016)


Since 1950s there has been rapid urbanisation in developing and developed countries following the role models of developed countries. India is not an exception. The main focus of this paper is urbanisation in Kolkata, one of the busiest and the largest city in eastern India. The beginning of 21st century gave a new face to North Kolkata leading to its urbanisation. Phenomenal increase in the pace of urbanisation has led to a rapid growth in building multi-storeyed structures in the already saturated city. The general aim of this investigation is to analyse the spatial and temporal pattern of urban growth in Kolkata. A more focused field-based component of this study explores the nature and extent of vertical growth in a small area with an attempt to relate transformation of the urban skyline with urban functionalities. This work also focuses on the fact that how lack of opportunity of horizontal spread has driven the rapidly growing population of the urban region to concentrate on the limited amount of space available and utilize it to the fullest which is perceptibly being done by vertical growth. Since unscientific and unchecked vertical growth is also not desirable for both the mankind and the environment because of its future consequences, therefore, better, eco-friendly and scientific modes of vertical growth is also discussed in this paper.


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