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Child Nutrition in Developmental Transition in Odisha, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Population Studies, Fakir Mohan University, Balasore-756 020 Odisha, India
  • 2SPM (Research, Monitoring & Evaluation), MAMTA-Health Institute for Mother and Child, New Delhi-110048, India

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 5, Issue (6), Pages 5-10, June,14 (2016)


Achievement in progress of Nutritional status of children in Odisha is quite better than the national average in the last decade. The data from 1992 to 2012 reveals two phases of nutritional transition. The first phase (1992 to 1999) with frequent changes of rolling government, there was no decline in percentages of malnourished children. The second phase (2000 to 2012) with stable government, there was continuous decline in percentage of malnourished children. Despite drought and flood in some years, government achievement in the second phase is quite satisfactory. The rate of decline is slow and continuous as like better off states. However, the government can accelerate the process in different ways further. On the one hand the Integrated Child Development Scheme is the only major programme to improve the nutritional status of the children in the short run but the programme cannot achieve its goal. The focus should be given in the monitoring process for its best effectiveness. Most of the children use supplementary food as substitute to home food as evident from field survey and literature. Thus there is need to improve in the parental awareness regarding supplementary food. On the other hand sufficient production of varieties of food at the local level needs to be promoted for solving the problem in the medium and long run.


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