A pilot study on patterns of Tobacco, Alcohol, and other Associated habits between Naga and Muslim communities in Cachar district of Assam, India
- 1Cachar Cancer Hospital and Research Centre, Assam, India
- 2Cachar Cancer Hospital and Research Centre, Assam, India
Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 5, Issue (5), Pages 10-15, May,14 (2016)
Background: Worldwide tobacco consumption, alcohol and associated habits are considered major causes of morbidity and mortality. Following such trends in north-east India, this pilot study was conducted in two different rural communities in Cachar district, Assam. Material and methods: Primary data were collected from Naga (tribe) and Muslim (non-tribe) community (N=406). Method of data collection followed interview schedule. Measures of central tendency, and correlation tests were applied for statistical analysis. Results: Among Muslim males and females tobacco and related habits were 82.18% and 65.61% and in Naga males and females (74.36% and 52.78%). Correlations between tobacco smoking and alcohol consumption was significant (p<0.01) in Naga community whereas, tobacco chewing and habit of pan, betel nut, etc, was significant (p<0.01) in Muslim people. Both communities were having significant correlations among their habits and other variables. Discussion: Data shows that, majorities of Muslim people were having chewing tobacco, pan and betel nut etc., habits whereas Naga people were in favor of smoking and alcohol consumption along with tobacco chewing. Habit related health issues found in both communities. On health perspective, Naga people were much vulnerable compare to Muslims. Conclusion: These communities need more awareness and screening programs.
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