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The Middle East: Measuring the Relationship between Conflicts and Tourism

Author Affiliations

  • 1The Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Romania

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 5, Issue (3), Pages 36-51, March,14 (2016)


This paper aims to analyze the relation between tourism, religion and armed conflicts in one of the most volatile regions of the world: the Middle East. On one hand, the religious heritage of three of the world’s main religions in regions is one of the region’s primary tourist assets. On another hand, it is precisely this diverse religious heritage that has caused most of the region’s armed conflicts along the course of its long history, including most of the ones that continue to shape the region today. In the first part of this paper we will determine the accessibility or inaccessibility of the most prominent holy cities of the Biblical Holy Land, which is mostly located in Israel and the Palestinian Territories, as well as the factors that determine it. This area has the highest concentration of religious objectives. In the second part we will examine the influence the conflicts of the beginning of the 21st century, both religious and non-religious, have had on the tourist industries of countries across the region.


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