International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Cultism and Violent Crime: An Appraisal of the Security Challenges in the Niger Delta of Nigeria

Author Affiliations

  • 1Center for Conflict and Gender Studies, University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 5, Issue (12), Pages 37-41, December,14 (2016)


Cultism has been a serious social problem facing the Nigerian society. Recently, the Niger Delta of Nigeria has seen rising cases of cult related killings. Cult rivalry is at the center of most homicide committed by cult members. Cult groups are always in constant battle for supremacy and control over turf. Many young people are lured into joining cult because of peer pressure, the desire to belong, and to seek for protection. Our security agencies appear to be overwhelmed by the criminal activities of cultist groups. Apart from criminal homicide, cult members are also linked to other unlawful behaviours such as armed robbery, kidnapping, rape, arson and illegal arms trade. The proliferation of cult groups in the Niger Delta is due to fall in moral standard, structural imbalances in our society, and near total collapse of the Nigerian socio-economic system. While the threat of cultism seems unabated all stakeholders particularly, the government and security agencies need to work together to checkmate the activities of these cult groups. This paper critically examines the problem of cultism, violent crime and insecurity in the Niger Delta of Nigeria. It uses Robert Mertonís Anomie theory as the theoretical framework to analyze the problem of cultism in the Niger Delta of Nigeria.


  1. Aliu A. (2015)., IG declares war on Cultism., The Guardian Newspaper, 1.
  2. Rotimi A. (2005)., Violence in the citadel: The Menace of Secret Cults in the Nigerian Universities., Nordic Journal of African Studies, 14(1), 79-98.
  3. Lexicon Webster Dictionary (2016)., Definition of Cultism., dictionary- of- the.../editions, Retrieved 25/10/16.
  4. Ogunbameru O.A. (2004)., Personality Dimension to Cultism in Nigeria Tertiary Institutions : A Sociological Perspective., Journal of Human Ecology, 16(2), 91-98.
  5. Ogunnade R. (2002)., Secret societies and-cultic activities in Nigerian tertiary institutions in Leading Issues in-General Studies., University of Ilorin Press.
  6. Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (Promulgation) Decree (1999)., Definition of cult., Of The Federal Republic of Nigeria. Retrieved 1/10/16.
  7. Maquet. J. (1971)., Power and society in Africa., New York: McGraw Hill. 217.
  8. Offiong D.A. (1989)., Continuity and Change in some Tradition., Societies of Nigeria, Zaria Nigeria: Ahmadu Bello University Press, 22, ISBN 9781350356.
  9. Obah-Akpowoghaha N.G. (2013)., Theoretical Understanding of Conflicts and Violence in Nigeria: The Niger Delta Militant and Northern Islamic Sect Boko Haram in Perspective., Public Policy and Administration, 3(10), 11.
  10. Durkheim E. (2014)., The Division of Labour in Society., New York: The Free Press.
  11. Iwarimie-Jaja D. (1995)., Criminology: The study of Crime., Owerri: Springfield Publishers, 138-144, ISBN 978-978-8020-65-8.
  12. Ajayi I.A., Haastrupt Eundayo. and Osalusi F.M. (2010)., Menace of Cultism in Nigerian Tertiary Institutions: The Way Out., Anthropologist 12(3), 155-160.
  13. Adigwu C. (1999)., Students cultism- a creation of regime., The National Concord, 5.
  14. Ogunlusi B. (2003)., Awe Vs Soyinka., The Guardian Newspaper, 7.
  15. Mgbekem S.J.A. (2004)., Management of University Education in Nigeria, Calabar., University of Calabar Press, 139, ISBN 9780071286, 9789780071295.
  16. Okeowo S. (1994)., Campus Cult: Manifestation of National Decadence., Nigerian Tribune, 5
  17. Abbey A.I. (2015)., Cultism, criminality and Insecurity in Rivers State., A Keynote Paper presented at the RSCMA monthly Conflict Dialogue, Port Harcourt, Nigeria, 31st August, 2015, 5.
  18. Ahire P. (2015)., Nigeria needs institute of criminology., Accessed 7/11/2015.