Personality traits of Younger and Older Adolescent smokeless tobacco Users – A Comparison
- 1 Department of Psychology, Hislop College, Rashtrasant Tukdoji Maharaj Nagpur University (RTMNU), Maharashtra, India
- 2 Department of Psychology, Hislop College, Rashtrasant Tukdoji Maharaj Nagpur University (RTMNU), Maharashtra, India
Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 5, Issue (11), Pages 1-7, November,14 (2016)
Government ban on tobacco products and tobacco related cancers do not deter adolescent smokeless tobacco users. Common factors shape initiation and maintenance of tobacco chewing habits such as tobacco use by adult family members and peers, experimentation and more accessibility of tobacco products. Emotional and psychological problems, problem behavior, poor school performance and truancy are often associated with tobacco use. The aim of the study was to find out if there are significant differences in the personality traits of younger (12 to 15 years) and older (16 to 18 years) adolescent tobacco users. 216 male and female tobacco users both school going and dropouts were identified in Nagpur city, Maharashtra, India. The Junior Senior High School Personality Questionnaire (HSPQ) was administered to them individually and in groups and the resulting data was analyzed using Means, standard deviations and t test. None of the personality differences between younger and older adolescent tobacco users were found significant. However based on the comparison of means of the two groups distinct personality profiles of young and older tobacco users emerged. Younger adolescent tobacco users both male and female tended to be more reserved, more intelligent, less emotionally stable, phlegmatic, more assertive, placid, self-controlled and tense. The older tobacco users were more outgoing, less intelligent, more emotionally stable, more excited, happy go lucky, conscientious, venturesome, less placid, more apprehensive, higher self-conflict and more relaxed. Insights into personality of older and younger tobacco users are helpful in the design of effective tobacco cessation programs.
- World Health Organization (2009)., Global Youth Tobacco Survey 2009., www.who.int/tobacco/surveillance/gyts/en, 17 July 2016.
- Gupta P., Ray C., Sinha D. and Singh P. (2011)., Smokeless tobacco: A major public health problem in the South East Asia Region: A review., Indian Journal of Public Health, 55(3), 199-209.
- Warren C.W., Lea V., Lee J., Jones N.R., Asma S. and McKenna M. (2009)., Change in tobacco use among 13 to 15 year olds between 1999 and 2008: Findings from the Global youth tobacco survey., Global Health Promotion, DOI:10.1177/1757975909342192, http://ped.sagepub.com/ c gi/ content/abstract/16/2_suppl/38
- World Health Organization (2010)., Global Adult Tobacco Survey., WHO, www.who.int/tobacco/ surveillance/gats_in dia/en/ 19 October 2010.
- Chadha R. and Sengupta S. (2003)., Tobacco use by Indian adolescents., TobInduc Dis., 1(1), 8, doi: 10.1186/1617-9625-1-8.2002.06.015.
- Ministry of Law and Justice (2006)., Food Safety and Standards Act., No. 34 of 2006, www.fssai.gov.in /portals /0/pdf/food-act.pdf, August 24.
- Hall C.S., Lindzey G. and Campbell J. (2004)., Theories of Personality., Fourth Edition, John Wiley and Sons, 310-319, ISBN: 978-0-471-30342-8.
- Novo R. and Carvalho R. (2014)., The Relationship between Structural Dimensions of Personality and School Life in Adolescence., Developmental Psychology. Psicol. Reflex., 27, http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1678-7153.201427218.
- Stuss D.T. (1992)., Biological and psychological development of executive functions., Brain and Cognition, 20, 8-23
- Oswalt A. (2010)., Child development theory: Adolescent Resources., www.mentalhelp.net.
- Cattell R.B. and Cattell M.D.L. (1969)., Handbook for the Jr. Sr. High School Personality Questionnaire” HSPQ., Institute for Personality and Ability Testing, Champaigne, III, Illinois, 2nd Edition.
- Kapoor S.D., Srivastava S.S. and Srivastava G.N.P. (1980)., Junior senior high school personality questionnaire (Hindi edition)., New Delhi, Psycho Centre.
- Schaie K.W. (1966)., Year by year changes in personality from six to eighteen years., Multivar.Behav. Res., 1, 293-305.
- Soto C.J., John O.P., Gosling S.D. and Potter J. (2011)., Age difference in personality traits from 10-65: Big Five Domains and facets in a large cross sectional sample., J. Pers. Soc. Psychology, 100(2), 330-48, doi 10.1037/a0021717.
- Bonnie R.J., Stratton K. and Kwan L.Y. (2015)., Public Health Implications of Raising the Minimum Age of Legal Acess to Tobacco Products., Committee on the Public Health Implications of Raising the Minimum Age for Purchasing tobacco Production: Based on Population Health and Public Health Practise. Institute of Medicine, Editors, Washington D.C, National Academic Press (US), July.