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Livelihood Option through Arecanut Cultivation in Tripura: A Case Study of Noagang and its Neighbouring Villages

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Economics, Tripura University, INDIA
  • 2Department of Economics, Tripura University, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 5, Issue (1), Pages 47-54, January,14 (2016)


The indigenous peoples of Tripura have traditionally been “jhum” cultivators. In course of time, the system of cultivation got declined owing to the scarcity of land and at the same time with the falls of jhum cycle. This in turn induces the scheduled tribes of Tripura to find another alternative way of living. Owing to higher employment potentiality, income returns and better marketing; arecanut cultivation among the respondents became another best vocation alternative to jhuming for earning livelihood. The study aimed to focus on the production trend, area and productivity of arecanut in Tripura in general and to analyze the income returns obtained by the farmers in particular. The study was based on primary data collected through interview with the helped of structured scheduled and the secondary data were collected from various government departments. The data were analyzed with the helped of simple statistical tools. The current study revealed that the growers grow arecanut as a means of livelihood instead of commercialisation. Further, it also provides potential employment to the farmers and thereby constituting major source of income to the cultivators. The crops was cultivated simply and traditionally without applying modern inputs whereby the labour cost constitute the major costs component incurred by the cultivators.


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