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Maternal Malnutrition in Urban India: A Study of Indian Cities (Mega, Large and Small)

Author Affiliations

  • 1centre for the Study of Regional Development Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi - 110067, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 5, Issue (1), Pages 1-7, January,14 (2016)


Maternal malnutrition is a serious public health problem. It does not only affect mothers health but also severely affects the future generations. The present study aims to examine status of malnutrition among women in Indian cities (Mega, Large and Small). It also examines the differentials in malnutrition among women by socio economic factors. This study utilized the data from the National Family Health Survey-3(2005-06). Cross tabulation and a binary logistic regression was used to analyze the data. The study revealed that overall, 23.2% women in Indian cities (Mega, large and small) were undernourished having BMI<18.5. Higher proportion of undernourished women was in small cities (25.6%) and that of the lowest in mega cities (18.7%). overall, 48.8% women were anemic for taking cities as one unit. Separately, the highest proportion of anemic women were observed in small cities (50.4%) followed by large cities (48.0%) and the least in mega cities (46.4%). There were widespread differentials in body mass index and being anemic by age groups, marital status, social groups, religious affiliations, highest education level, wealth index and standard of living of women in these three types of cities.


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