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Tenability Scanner: A theoretical Framework for Classification of Slums in India

Author Affiliations

  • 1School of Planning and Architecture, Bhopal, INDIA
  • 2 Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 4, Issue (7), Pages 70-77, July,14 (2015)


Land as fixed and limited natural assets available for the urban development and growth has been identified as one of the key element for slum interventions in India. Scarcity of urban land, ever growing migration and land values in urban agglomeration and vast encroachments over urban land in form of slums and squatters has been creating housing problems in manifold. Due to absence of clearly defined land titles, mounting pressure to provide tenure security and housing to all, scarcity of tenable land for housing development and many other issues related with land, has resulted marginal success to many slum intervention programmes. There has been growing need to resolve the issues related to land so that potential hurdles in the passage of slum intervention may be identified and resolved through appropriate approaches. The case studies carried out for this research work has identified that conventional wisdom of slums as typical settlements is not true infect, slums are diverse and complex settlement that cannot be intervene through one fit all approaches. This has felt the need of a multifaceted but simple framework for depicting contextual differentiation for various types of settlements identified as slum. The proposed framework which we have presented here provides a systematic approach to classify slums into five broad categories for tenability that will help to design more context specific policy intervention.


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