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Multidimensional impact of Inadequate sanitation in India: Situation analysis

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), CSIR-National Institute of Science, Technology and Development Studies, Dr. K S Krishnan Marg, New Delhi, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 4, Issue (6), Pages 21-30, June,14 (2015)


This epidemiological review paper provides an analytical review of the current situation of sanitation in India, and its impact on health and other societal factors. Accelerating progress on sanitation in India remains one of the global development agenda's most urgent yet most difficult challenges. The problem of sanitation is receiving considerable attention worldwide. Sanitation is an important development indicator; United Nation has given it a strong priority in Millennium Development Goals (MDG). Poor sanitation, hygiene, quality and quantity of water are one of the main reasons behind more than 80% of reported cases of infectious diseases in India. Numerous national and international efforts have been made over the past few decades to enhance sanitation in India. Nonetheless, the net result is reported to be not proportionate to the efforts and money spent. Upon analysis of national level political, economic and social dynamics this study reveals that low political priority, lack of properly designed, penetrated awareness programs, poor delivery mechanism, beneficiary participation, lack of research and innovation are prime barriers towards achieving total sanitation.


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