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The History of Political Panchayats in West Bengal, India; A brief Analysis

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of political science, University of Kalyani, Nadia, West Bengal, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 4, Issue (6), Pages 77-79, June,14 (2015)


There is no doubt that to establish” good governance” in a country, decentralization of power is a powerful weapon .In 1990’s the proposal accepted in UNOs general assembly related to “good governance”, decentralization of power was one of the chief characteristics. To implement the idea of democratic decentralization, establishment of local self government is very essential. Establishment of local self government in any country, not only secures strong participation of local masses in democratic process, but also upholds the democracy and development. For the above necessity 73rd and 74thconstitutional amendment in India (1992) provide the mandatory duty of the state government to create panchayat and municipal bodies in respected areas, although it is true that of all the institutions of the modern and independent India, panchayati raj institutions are the oldest and original. In the 21st century of Indian panchayat system West Bengal is the only state where panchayats are operating on political basis. So debates, analysis, discussion, and evaluation related to West Bengal panchayat system are endless.


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