International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Life Style and Economic Correlates of Self-Rated Health Among Elderly in Rural India: Evidence from SAGE

Author Affiliations

  • 1International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS), Mumbai, INDIA
  • 2 Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS), Mumbai, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 4, Issue (6), Pages 72-76, June,14 (2015)


Population ageing is the consequence of demographic transition, which affects the age structure of the world’s population drastically. The perceived health status of elderly is an important measure for making better plan and policies related to health. The self-rated health not only states the determinants of health status, but also related to the acceptance of health-promoting behaviour. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the influence that socioeconomic determinants, economic hardship and life style factors have on self-rated health among elderly persons (60 years and older) living in the rural India. The present study has utilized the Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health (SAGE-2007) data for analysis, which was conducted with the collaboration of IIPS and WHO. A total of 11,230 respondents were interviewed in the survey out of which 3618 were elderly (60+) out of which 2702 elderly were used with the help of SPSS and STATA 13 software. The results depicts that bad self-rated health is more prevalent among oldest-old, female, Muslim, scheduled tribe, elderly suffering from economic hardship and ever used but not currently using tobacco and alcohol. The old-old, oldest-old and Muslim are more likely to have bad self-rated health whereas rural elderly with less than primary education is less likely to have bad self-rated health. Elderly not suffering from economic hardship are less likely to have bad self-rated health. The likelihood of having bad self rated health is more among elderly who ever used but not currently using tobacco and similarly in case of alcohol than their counterpart of those who ever used and currently using. The present study findings will be useful for policy makers and researchers who are working in the field of health and ageing in India.


  1. United Nations Population Division, Revision world population prospects, New York, NY: United Nations (2006)
  2. Czibere I., Marosszéki E. and Rácz A., Practice of providing Voluntary home care to Elderly and Disabled people: model project in Debrecen, Int. Res. J. Social Sci.,3(12), 41-45 (2014)
  3. Omran A.R., The epidemiologic transition: a theory of the epidemiology of population change, The Milbank Memorial Fund Quarterly, 509-538 (1971)
  4. Alam M., Ageing in India: Socio-economic and healthdimensions (No. 66), Academic Foundation (2006)
  5. Mirowsky J. and Ross C.E., Age and depression, Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 187-205 (1992)
  6. Lalan Y., A Sociological Study of Old Persons Residing in an Old age Home Delhi, India, International Research Journal of Social Sciences, 3(4), 21-23 (2014)
  7. Case A. and Paxson C., Sex differences in morbidity and mortality, Demography, 42(2), 189-214 (2005)
  8. Hughes M.E. and Waite L.J., Health in household context: Living arrangements and health in late middle age, Journal of health and social behavior, 43(1)1 (2002)
  9. Uyakumar P. and Ponnuswamy I., Informal Care Received by Elderly Residing in Slums of Tiruchirappalli District, Tamilnadu, India, International Research Journal of Social Sciences, 1(1), 15-18 (2012)
  10. Tissue T., Another look at self-rated health among the elderly, Journal of Gerontology(1972)
  11. Kaplan G. and Baron-Epel O., What lies behind the subjective evaluation of health status?, Social Science and Medicine, 56(8), 1669-1676 (2003)
  12. Jylha M., What is self-rated health and why does it predict mortality? Towards a unified conceptual model, Social science and medicine, 69(3), 307-316 (2009)
  13. Neeta Sharma K., Karunanidhi S. and Chitra T., Determinants of Psychological Well-being among Retirees, Int. Res. J. Social Sci.,4(3), 19-26 (2015)
  14. Idler E.L. and Benyamini Y., Self-rated health and mortality: a review of twenty-seven community studies, Journal of health and social behavior, 21-37 (1997)
  15. Bobak M., Pikhart H., Rose R., Hertzman C. and Marmot M., Socioeconomic factors, material inequalities, and perceived control in self-rated health: cross-sectional data from seven post-communist countries, Social science and medicine, 51(9), 1343-1350 (2000)
  16. Lindstrom M., Sundquist J. and Ostergren P. O., Ethnic differences in self-reported health in Malmo in southern Sweden, Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 55(2), 97-103 (2001)
  17. Yngwe M.A., Diderichsen F., Whitehead M., Holland P. and Burstrom B., The role of income differences in explaining social inequalities in self rated health in Sweden and Britain, Journal of epidemiology and community health, 55(8), 556-561 (2001)
  18. Lantz P.M., Lynch J.W., House J.S., Lepkowski J.M., Mero R.P., Musick M.A. and Williams D.R., Socioeconomic disparities in health change in a longitudinal study of US adults: the role of health-risk behaviors, Social science and medicine, 53(1), 29-40 (2001)
  19. Mackenbach J.P., Van de Mheen H. and Stronks K., A prospective cohort study investigating the explanation of socio-economic inequalities in health in The Netherlands, Social science and medicine, 38(2), 299-308 (1994)
  20. Subramanian S.V. and Ertel K., Author's Response Self-rated health may be adequate for broad assessments of social inequalities in health, International journal of epidemiology, 38(1), 319-320 (2009)
  21. Rahman M.O. and Barsky A.J., Self-reported health among older Bangladeshis: how good a health indicator is it?, The Gerontologist, 43(6), 856-863 (2003)
  22. Sen A., Health: perception versus observation: self reported morbidity has severe limitations and can be extremely misleading, BMJ: British Medical Journal, 324 7342), 860 (2002)
  23. Singh L., Arokiasamy P., Singh P.K. and Rai R.K., Determinants of Gender Differences in Self-Rated Health Among Older Population Evidence From India, SAGE Open, 3(2), 2158244013487914 (2013)
  24. Bidyadhar D., Influence of Perceived Economic Well-being on Self-Rated Health Status of the Older Adults Aged 50 Years and above in India, Int. Res. J. Social Sci.,4(4), 34-42 (2015)
  25. Fiscella K. and Franks P., Individual income, income inequality, health, and mortality: what are the relationships?, Health services research, 35(1 Pt 2), 307 (2000)
  26. Peersman W., Cambier D., De Maeseneer J. and Willems S., Gender, educational and age differences in meanings that underlie global self-rated health, International journal of public health, 57(3), 513-523 (2012)