International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Role of Human Capital for Changing Livelihood Pattern: A Case Study in Nadia District of West Bengal

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Rural Development and Management, University of Kalyani, Kalyani, West Bengal, INDIA
  • 2 Department of REC, PSV, Visva--Bharati, Sriniketan, West Bengal, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 4, Issue (4), Pages 98-104, April,14 (2015)


The pattern of livelihood in rural area of West Bengal is a complex in nature as mentioned by Robert Chambers and Gordon Conway that, ‘a livelihood comprises the capability, assets and activities required for a means of living’. As per abidance of different research studies it has been found that so many ways are there to measure the status and changing pattern of livelihood in a particular area. But mostly accepted way is to go through five capitals to understand the subject better. In this research paper an attempt has been made to find out the role of human capital to change the pattern of livelihood in the four villages of Nadia district of West Bengal. Here we consider male headed household, family size, literacy rate and occupational health hazardas human capital. Findings show that these are the vital indicators to bring changes in the livelihood pattern of the study area.


  1. Walekar Asok, A Study of the Livelihood pattern of Carvers in Nanded District of Maharashtra (India), Online International Interdisciplinary Research Journal, {Bi-Monthly}, 3(2), (2013)
  2. Chembers R., N.C. Saxena and T. Saha, To the hands of the poor-water and trees,Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd. , New Delhi,Bombay,pp. 205,ISBN:81-204-0428-9 (1989)
  3. Kollmair M. and Gamper St., The Sustainable Livelihood Approach. Input Paper for the Integrated Training Course of NCCR North-South, Development Study Group. University of Zurich, (2002)
  4. Odero K Kenneth, Extending the Sustainable Livelihoods Framework,Department of Rural and Urban Planning, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe (2000)
  5. De Stagé R., Holloway A., Mullins D., Nchabaleng L. and Ward P., Learning about livelihoods. Insights from southern Africa, Oxfam Publishing. Oxford (2002)
  6. DFID, Sustainable Livelihoods Guidance Sheets. Department for International Development. http://www. livelihoods. org/info/info_guidancesheets. html (accessed: 14. 12. 2014) (2000)
  7. Dubey Pradipta and Subhrangsu Santra, Means of Livelihood among the weaver community of Shantipur of Nadia district, International Journal of Current Research and Review, Nagpur, 4(6), (2012)
  8. Dubey Pradipta and Subhrangsu Santra, Weaving and livelihood in Shantipur of West Bengal: Past and present, International Journal of Current Research5(12), 4014-4017, (2013)