International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

An Analysis of Spatio -Temporal Changes in the Pattern of Crop Diversification in Indian Agriculture

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Department of Geography, DSE, University of Delhi, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 4, Issue (12), Pages 15-20, December,14 (2015)


The key objective of this study is to analyze the spatial variation and temporal perspective of the changing pattern and level of crop diversification in Indian agriculture between 2002-03 and 2012-13. Crop diversification signifies practicing of multiple cropping systems which is also an integral part of structural transformation of an economy. Data related to the study were collected from Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India. For measuring the level of crop diversification, Bhatia’s method, Herphindal’s method, Gibb’s and Martin’s methods have been used. Results of the study have revealed that the level of crop diversification in Indian agriculture has increased during the study period. Karnataka has topped among the most crop diversified states in India which is followed by Jammu and Kashmir, Uttarakhand, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. Chhattisgarh, Tripura and Odisha have been found among the less crop diversified states. It has also been noticed that the level of crop diversification in larger states of India have shown a decreasing trend whereas in smaller states it has increased during the study period.


  1. Gupta H., Organic Farming and Horticulture: New Dimension of Agricultural Development in MP, India, International Research Journal of Social Science,2(7), 14-18 (2013)
  2. State of Indian Agriculture, 2012-13, Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, Directorate of Economic and Statistics, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India(2014)
  3. Sampath K.M., Vasantha R., Shivcharan G. and Reddy M.M.K., Knowledge of Paddy and Irrigated Growers on Agricultural Implements and Machinery, Research Journal of Recent science, 4(IVC-2015), 6-10 (2015)
  4. Das A.J., Kumar M. and Kumar R., Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR): An Alternative of Chemical Fertilizer for Sustainable, Environment Friendly Agriculture, Research Journal of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences,1(4), 21-23 (2013)
  5. Velavan C. and Balaji P., Crop Diversification in Tamil Nadu: A Temporal Analysis, Agricultural Situation in India, 655-656 (2012)
  6. Mishra R. and Sinh A., Crop Diversification in Indian Agriculture, Asian Journal of Research in Social Sciences and Humanities,4(8), 113-120 (2014)
  7. Singh R., Kumar S.S., Mishra D.J. and Mishra U.K., Emerging Trends in Indian Agriculture: A Review,Research Journal of Recent Sciences, 1(ISC-2013) , No, 36-38 (2013)
  8. De U.K. Bodosa K., Crop Diversification in Assam and Use of Modern Inputs under Changing Climatic Condition. Journal of Climatology and Weather Forecasting,2(2), 2-14 (2014)
  9. Chakraborty A., Crop Diversification in Murshidabad District, West Bengal: A Spatio-Temporal Analysis, International Journal of Physical and Social Science,2(7),394-403 (2012)
  10. Todkari G.R., Spatio-Temporal Analysis of Crop Diversification in Solapur District, Golden Research Thoughts,1(8), 1-4, (2012)
  11. Acharya S.P., Basavaraja H., Kunnal L.B., Mahajanashetti S.B and Bhat A.R.S., Crop Diversifications: An Economic Analysis, Agricultural Economic Research Review,24,351-357 (2011)
  12. Joshi P.K., Gulati A., Birthal S.P. and Laxmi T., Agricultural Diversification in South Asia: Pattern, Determinants and Policy Implication, Economic and Political Weekly,39(24), 2257-2467 (2004)
  13. Saha J., Crop Diversification in Indian Agriculture with Special Reference to Emerging Crops, Transactions,35(1),139-143 (2013)
  14. MoA, Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India (2014)